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Prediction of the oil injection time of FDBs in an HDD spindle motor with a tied shaft by utilizing Kirchhoff’s pressure law

Abstract

We propose a method to predict the oil injection time of fluid dynamic bearings (FDBs) with a tied shaft by applying Kirchhoff’s pressure law. Since the oil is injected by capillary phenomenon, the volume flow rate can be calculated by utilizing Kirchhoff’s pressure law. Then, we calculated the oil injection time of the FDBs with a tied shaft by dividing the volume flow rate by the clearance volumes of the journal bearing, the thrust bearing, and the recirculation channel (RC), respectively. We generated simulation models of the FDBs used in a 2.5″ HDD spindle motor with a tied shaft. The total oil injection times of the FDBs with and without a RC were 0.302 and 0.335 s, respectively. Also, we verified the proposed method by measuring the oil injection time of FDBs with a RC. We applied the proposed method to predict and improve the oil injection time of the FDBs with a tied shaft due to the variation of major parameters affecting the oil injection time.

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Acknowledgements

This research was supported Samsung Electro-Mechanics Co. Ltd. and the Civil-Military Technology of National Research Council of Science & Technology (NST) (13-3-KIMM).

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Correspondence to Gunhee Jang.

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Lee, M., Lee, J., Kang, C. et al. Prediction of the oil injection time of FDBs in an HDD spindle motor with a tied shaft by utilizing Kirchhoff’s pressure law. Microsyst Technol 22, 1241–1247 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00542-016-2840-4

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00542-016-2840-4

Keywords

  • Flow Resistance
  • Volume Flow Rate
  • Journal Bearing
  • Thrust Bearing
  • Capillary Phenomenon