Catheter-related bladder discomfort (CRBD) is postoperative distress caused by a urinary catheter. CRBD is related to muscarinic receptor activation. Chlorpheniramine has antimuscarinic properties. Hence, this investigation was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy of chlorpheniramine in preventing CRBD in patients undergoing transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT).
Seventy-six patients scheduled for TURBT under general anesthesia were assigned into two groups. In the chlorpheniramine group (n = 38), 100 ml normal saline containing 0.1 mg/kg chlorpheniramine was infused after general anesthesia induction. In the control group (n = 38), 100 ml normal saline alone was infused. The incidence and severity of CRBD were assessed at 1, 6, and 24 h postoperatively.
The 1-h postoperative incidence of CRBD was lower in the chlorpheniramine group based on the unadjusted analysis [16 (42%) vs. 28 (74%), risk difference 32%, 95% confidence interval 8–51, p = 0.005]. After adjusting the size of the urinary catheter, post hoc analysis showed that the 1-h postoperative incidence of CRBD was lower in the chlorpheniramine group (p = 0.004). The CRBD severity score was lower in the chlorpheniramine group at 1 and 6 h after operation based on the unadjusted analysis (p = 0.012 and p = 0.007, respectively). After adjusting the urinary catheter size, post hoc analysis showed that 1- and 6-h CRBD severity score was lower in the chlorpheniramine group (p = 0.012 and p = 0.008, respectively). The incidence of rescue medication was lower in the chlorpheniramine group [10 (26%) vs. 20 (53%), risk difference 26%, 95% confidence interval 3–47, p = 0.019]. The overall incidence of complications such as nausea, vomiting, dry mouth, flushing, dizziness, and blurred vision was comparable between the two groups.
Chlorpheniramine administration significantly reduces the incidence and severity of CRBD in the patients undergoing TURBT.
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We would like to thank Editage (www.editage.co.kr) for English language editing.
This research was supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning (2018R1C1B6007539).
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Huh, H., Lee, S.W., Cho, J.E. et al. Effect of chlorpheniramine administration on postoperative catheter-related bladder discomfort in patients undergoing transurethral excision of bladder tumor: a prospective randomized study. J Anesth (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00540-021-02970-4
- Urinary catheter
- Urinary bladder neoplasm