Influence of intraoperative sevoflurane or desflurane on postoperative sore throat: a prospective randomized study

Abstract

Purpose

Tracheal intubation for general anesthesia causes postoperative sore throat. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of sevoflurane and desflurane on prevalence of postoperative sore throat in patients after general anesthesia.

Methods

Ninety-six patients scheduled for orthopedic lower extremity surgery under general anesthesia were assigned to sevoflurane group or desflurane group. In the sevoflurane group (n = 48), sevoflurane was used as a maintenance anesthetic agent. In the desflurane group (n = 48), desflurane was used. Prevalence of sore throat, number of patients with rescue analgesics, and analgesics requirements were evaluated.

Results

The overall prevalence of postoperative sore throat in the sevoflurane group was lower than that in the desflurane group [21 (44%) vs. 32 (67%), p = 0.024]. The prevalence of sore throat at postoperative 4 h in the sevoflurane group was lower than that in the desflurane group [6 (13%) vs. 18 (38%), p = 0.005]. The number of patients requiring rescue analgesics was lower in the sevoflurane group [25 (52%) vs. 36 (75%), p = 0.020]. The requirement of diclofenac was also lower in the sevoflurane group (30 ± 37 mg vs. 47 ± 40 mg, p = 0.031).

Conclusions

We have shown that sevoflurane was associated with less frequent sore throat than desflurane in patients undergoing orthopedic lower extremity surgery.

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Fig. 1

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Funding

This research was supported by the Keimyung University Research Grant of no. 20180264.

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Correspondence to Hyun-Chang Kim.

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Park, J., Lee, Y., Lee, J. et al. Influence of intraoperative sevoflurane or desflurane on postoperative sore throat: a prospective randomized study. J Anesth 33, 209–215 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00540-018-2600-y

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Keywords

  • Sevoflurane
  • Desflurane
  • Pharyngitis
  • Intubation
  • Pain, postoperative