Journal of Anesthesia

, Volume 32, Issue 2, pp 189–197 | Cite as

Ultrasound-guided bilateral rectus sheath block reduces early postoperative pain after laparoscopic gynecologic surgery: a randomized study

  • Sooyoung Cho
  • Youn Jin Kim
  • Kyungah Jeong
  • Hye-Sung Moon
Original Article
  • 133 Downloads

Abstract

Purpose

Rectus sheath block (RSB) is an anterior abdominal wall block that reduces postoperative pain associated with midline incisions. This study aims to investigate the effect of ultrasound-guided bilateral RSB (US-BRSB) on postoperative pain and analgesic consumption in patients undergoing laparoscopic gynecologic surgery.

Methods

Sixty patients who underwent laparoscopic gynecologic surgery were allocated to RSB (n = 30) or control (n = 30) group. A bilateral US-BRSB procedure (30 ml of 0.25% ropivacaine) was performed after induction of general anesthesia in the RSB group. The control group proceeded the surgery without sham block. All patients received fentanyl-based intravenous patient-controlled analgesia and rescue analgesics upon demand. Pain was scored by a blinded observer using a verbal numerical rating scale (VNRS) at rest while coughing at 0, 1, 6, 12, 24, and 48 h after postanesthesia care unit (PACU) admission. The primary outcome was the total number of rescue analgesics used in the 48-h postoperative period.

Results

At 0 h, VNRS were lower in the RSB group than in the control, both at rest (median VNRS 4.5 vs. 5, p = 0.02) and while coughing (median VNRS 6 vs. 7, p = 0.004). At 6 h, VNRS scores were lower in the RSB group than in the control while coughing (median VNRS 3 vs. 5, p = 0.01). Fentanyl use as rescue analgesics in the PACU was significantly lower in the RSB group than in the control (27.7 ± 32.1 vs. 53.3 ± 33.7 µg, respectively; p = 0.004). At 48 h postoperatively, the total number of rescue analgesics administered were significantly fewer in the RSB group than in the control (2.5 ± 2.5 vs. 3.9 ± 2.6, respectively; p = 0.04).

Conclusion

US-BRSB reduces the immediate postoperative pain and opioid consumption during the early postoperative period.

ClinicalTrials.gov identifier

NCT02476799, https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02476799.

Keywords

Laparoscopic surgery Postoperative pain Rectus sheath block 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors report no conflict of interest.

Funding

No source of funding.

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Copyright information

© Japanese Society of Anesthesiologists 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sooyoung Cho
    • 1
  • Youn Jin Kim
    • 1
  • Kyungah Jeong
    • 2
  • Hye-Sung Moon
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Anesthesia and Pain Medicine, College of MedicineEwha Womans UniversitySeoulRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of MedicineEwha Womans UniversitySeoulRepublic of Korea

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