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Pilot study comparing post-anesthesia care unit length of stay in moderately and severely obese children

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Abstract

Objective

Obesity is a risk factor for surgical complications in adults and children. Differences in postsurgical outcomes according to severity of obesity [moderate: 95–98th age-gender-specific body mass index (BMI) percentile versus severe: ≥99th percentile] in children remain unclear. This study compared post-anesthesia care unit (PACU) stay and hospital admission between severely obese children and moderately obese children undergoing surgery.

Methods

In a retrospective review over a 6-month period, obese children, 2–18 years of age undergoing surgery were identified. Multivariate mixed-effects regression was used to compare PACU length of stay (LOS) need for opioid analgesia, and hospital admission between moderately and severely obese patients.

Results

There were 1324 records selected for inclusion. PACU LOS did not significantly differ between moderately obese (50 ± 36 min) and severely obese patients (55 ± 38 min). There were no differences between moderately and severely obese patients in use of opioids in the PACU. Yet, severely obese patients were more likely to require inpatient admission than moderately obese patients.

Conclusions

The duration of PACU stay still averaged less than 1 h in our cohort, suggesting that the majority of these patients can be cared for safely in the outpatient setting. Future studies should focus on identifying the co-morbid conditions that may prolong postoperative PACU stay or result in unplanned hospital admission in moderately and severely obese patients. Our preliminary data suggest that these factors may include a younger age and the complexity or duration of the surgical procedure.

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Correspondence to Hina Walia.

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The authors have nothing to disclose.

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This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

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Walia, H., Balaban, O., Jacklen, M. et al. Pilot study comparing post-anesthesia care unit length of stay in moderately and severely obese children. J Anesth 31, 510–516 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00540-017-2326-2

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00540-017-2326-2

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