Journal of Anesthesia

, Volume 29, Issue 6, pp 927–933 | Cite as

Airway management in patients undergoing emergency Cesarean section

  • Takashi AsaiEmail author
Review Article


Special care is required for airway management of patients undergoing emergency Cesarean section. Although the incidence of difficult intubation and difficult ventilation is similar between pregnant and non-pregnant women, the severity of complications in pregnant patients would be much greater than in non-pregnant patients, if tracheal intubation is found to be difficult: increased risk of pulmonary aspiration, hypoxia, airway obstruction due to laryngeal edema, and a “sleeping baby” being taken out. Rapid-sequence induction of anesthesia is generally indicated to a patient undergoing emergency Cesarean section under general anesthesia. The technique has been evolving, without losing the key premise of minimizing the period of the airway being not protected from pulmonary aspiration, and of permitting rapid wake up if tracheal intubation fails. In this review, I describe the appropriate airway management, based on the current state of knowledge, in a patient undergoing emergency Cesarean section under general anesthesia.


Airway management Difficult intubation Obstetric anesthesia 


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Copyright information

© Japanese Society of Anesthesiologists 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of AnesthesiologyDokkyo Medical University Koshigaya HospitalKoshigayaJapan

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