Harvey Cushing, a pioneer of neuroanesthesia
- 183 Downloads
Harvey Cushing’s name is most frequently mentioned in conjunction with Cushing’s syndrome, and Cushing’s reflex following raised intracranial pressure. The aim of this review is to pay tribute to Cushing’s contribution to anesthesia. Besides his own specialty, he used an anesthesia chart for the first time, he introduced blood pressure measurement and precordial auscultation to anesthesiological practice, he employed the first independent neurosurgical anesthetist, and he described the terminology of regional anesthesia.
Key wordsNeuroanesthesia History of anesthesia
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Cushing H. Concerning a definite regulatory mechanism of the vasomotor centre which controls blood pressure during cerebral compression. Bull Johns Hopkins Hosp. 1901;126:289–292.Google Scholar
- 3.Cushing HW. Letter to FA Washburn, Anesthesia charts of 1895. Treadwell Library, Massachusetts General Hospital.Google Scholar
- 4.Beecher HK. The first anesthesia record: Codman, Cushing. Surg Gynecol Obstet. 1940;71:689–694.Google Scholar
- 6.Beecher HK, Altschule MD. Medicine at Harvard. The first three hundred years. Boston: The University Press of New England; 1977. p. 334–426.Google Scholar
- 7.Division of Surgery of the Medical School of Harvard University. Report of research work. Harvard Bulletin. 1904;1:1903–1904.Google Scholar
- 8.Cushing HW. Some principles of cerebral surgery. JAMA. 1909;52:184–192.Google Scholar
- 10.Cushing HW. Instruction in operative medicine. Bull Johns Hopkins Hosp. 1906;17:123–143.Google Scholar
- 11.Cushing HW. On routine determinations of arterial tension in operating room and clinic. Boston Med Surg J. 1903;148: 291–312.Google Scholar
- 12.Fulton JF. Harvey Cushing: a bibliography. Oxford: Blackwell; 1946. p. 578.Google Scholar
- 13.Cushing HW. Cocaine anesthesia in the treatment of certain cases of hernia and in operations for thyroid tumors. Bull Johns Hopkins Hosp. 1898;9:192.Google Scholar
- 14.Atkinson RS, Boulton TB, editors. The history of anesthesia. London: Royal Society of Medicine Services; 1956. p. 525–528.Google Scholar