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Petrology and geochemistry of the late Mesozoic Dzheltula alkaline igneous complex, Aldan–Stanovoy Shield, Russia: constraints on derivation from the ancient enriched mantle source

Abstract

Petrological, whole-rock major and trace element, and Sr–Nd–Pb isotopic data are reported for the late Mesozoic Dzheltula alkaline igneous complex in the Aldan–Stanovoy Shield, Russia. The alkaline rocks are emplaced into the Tyrkanda mélange zone. The Dzheltula complex consists of monzonites, foid monzonites, and alkaline syenites; granite dykes intrude the complex. All alkaline rocks have high LILE contents (e.g., Ba and Sr), high light REE/HFSE ratios, strongly fractionated REE patterns, and typically lack Eu anomalies. Granite shows different major and trace-element characteristics in comparison to monzonites and syenites. The major and trace-element characteristics of the Dzheltula complex rocks and minerals are consistent with formation by combined assimilation and fractionation processes of an alkaline parental magma of lamproitic composition. The alkaline rocks have moderately radiogenic Sr (87Sr/86Sr(t) = 0.7057–0.7065) and unradiogenic Nd (ɛNd(t) = − 11.3 to − 15.2) and Pb (206Pb/204Pb = 17.17–17.26); granite has more enriched 87Sr/86Sr(t) value (0.707408) but similar ɛNd(t) = − 12.93 The trace element and Sr–Nd–Pb isotopic data for the Dzheltula complex indicate its mantle source experienced ancient metasomatic enrichment, probably associated with subduction.

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Acknowledgements

Investigations of country rocks (gneisses, granites) were done on state assignment of IGM SB RAS (0330-2019-0002), GIN SB RAS (AAAA-A16-116122110027-2) and IPGG RAS (0153-2019-0002). Mineralogical, geochemical and isotopic studies of the alkaline rocks were supported by the Russian Science Foundation (19-17-00019). The authors gratefully thank Prof. Wolf-Christian Dullo for the editorial comments, Prof. Vasilii Vrublevskii and Prof. Ronald Frost for the reviews, which led to the significant improvement of the manuscript.

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Correspondence to Anna G. Doroshkevich.

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Doroshkevich, A.G., Prokopyev, I.R., Ponomarchuk, A. et al. Petrology and geochemistry of the late Mesozoic Dzheltula alkaline igneous complex, Aldan–Stanovoy Shield, Russia: constraints on derivation from the ancient enriched mantle source. Int J Earth Sci (Geol Rundsch) 109, 2407–2423 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00531-020-01909-6

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Keywords

  • Late mesozoic potassic magmatism
  • Foid monzonite–syenite suite
  • Isotope geochemistry
  • Mantle source
  • Assimilation
  • Fractionation
  • Primary melt