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International Journal of Earth Sciences

, Volume 107, Issue 7, pp 2357–2381 | Cite as

Contributions of gravity and field data on the structural scheme updating of the Tellian domain and its foreland (Nefza-Bizerte region, northern Tunisia)

  • El Mabrouk Essid
  • Ali Kadri
  • Hadhemi Balti
  • Mohamed Gasmi
  • Fouad Zargouni
Original Paper
  • 429 Downloads

Abstract

The Nefza-Bizerte region, eastern part of the Tunisian Alpine chain, covers the thrust sheets domain called the Tell and its Atlassic foreland. The deep structures under the Tellian thrust sheets are not enough explored. The structural interpretation of magmatic rocks, Triassic outcrops and the depressions are still a subject of discussion. In this work, we intend to investigate deep faults and their eventual role in magmatism and Triassic salt setting up and to explain the depression genesis. Analysis of the Bouguer anomaly map and its derivatives reveals the main gravity lineaments, organized in major NE- and NW-trending systems. The NE-trending system, dipping towards the NW, is the main component of the structural scheme and has controlled the tectonic evolution of this area. After the immobilization of the Tellian thrust sheets during the uppermost Langhian, the Tell and its Atlassic foreland were affected by the Tortonian compressive event with a NW-trending maximum horizontal stress. The reverse kinematics of the NE-trending deep-seated faults created at their front continental environments filled later by post-nappes Neogene deposits. After the early Pleistocene, a NNW-directed compressional stress regime deformed the post-nappes Neogene series and generated NW-trending grabens. This coexistence of compression-extension continues until present day.

Keywords

Northern Tunisia Gravity data Deep-seated faults Tellian thrust sheets Foreland Structural scheme 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work is the result of collaboration between the National Office of Mines and the Faculties of Sciences of Tunis and Bizerte. Special thanks are given to the National Office of Mines for providing the gravity data used in this paper. We are grateful to Professor Jean Chorowicz (Paris VI University) for his help and encouragement.

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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Office of MinesTunisTunisia
  2. 2.Department of Geology, Faculty of Sciences of BizerteUniversity of CarthageBizerteTunisia
  3. 3.Department of Geology, Faculty of Sciences of TunisUniversity of Tunis El ManarTunisTunisia

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