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International Journal of Earth Sciences

, Volume 104, Issue 8, pp 2057–2083 | Cite as

Volcanology, geochemistry and age of the Lausitz Volcanic Field

  • J. BüchnerEmail author
  • O. Tietz
  • L. Viereck
  • P. Suhr
  • M. Abratis
Original Paper

Abstract

The Lausitz (Lusatia) Volcanic Field is part of the Central European Volcanic Province, and its magmas represent an alkaline trend from olivine nephelinites and basanites to trachytes and phonolites, typical for intraplate settings. Neighbouring volcanic fields are the České Středohoří Mountains to the south-west and the Fore-Sudetic Basin in Lower Silesia to the east. More than 1000 volcanic structures associated with approximately 500 vents have been located within this volcanic field. Residuals of scoria cones, lava lakes, lava flows and maar-diatreme in filling occur in situ near the level of the original syn-volcanic terrain. In more deeply eroded structures, volcanic relicts outcrop as plugs or feeders. Evolved rocks occur as monogenetic domes or intrusions in diatremes, while their volcaniclastic equivalents are rare. Twenty-three localities were dated using the 40Ar/39Ar method. The ages range from 35 to 27 Ma, with a focus around 32–29 Ma, indicating Late Eocene and mainly Oligocene volcanism for the LVF. Differentiated rocks appear to be slightly younger than less differentiated. No geographical age clusters are apparent.

Keywords

Alkaline volcanism Intraplate magmatism Volcanic field Monogenetic Germany 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors wish to thank Paul v.d. Bogaard (Kiel, D) and Jörg Pfänder (Freiberg, D) for analysing and evaluating the Ar/Ar data. We thank Michael Ude (Jena, D) for the analytical work and August Gummenscheimer (Görlitz, D) for his help digitizing the figures. We extend our thanks to Karoly Németh (Palmerston North, NZ) for his experienced comments during early discussions of field observations and to Klaus Stanek (Freiberg, D) for his helpful comments to an earlier draft of the manuscript. We express our special gratitude to the reviewers David A. Nowell (New Barnet, Hertfordshire, UK) and Jaromir Ulrych (Prague, CZ) for their constructive comments and important supplementations to the manuscript as well as to the editor in chief Christian Dullo (Kiel, D) and the guest editor Jan Mrlina (Prague, CZ) for handling the paper. This study was supported by a DFG (TI 269/5-1) Grant.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Büchner
    • 1
    Email author
  • O. Tietz
    • 1
  • L. Viereck
    • 2
  • P. Suhr
    • 3
  • M. Abratis
    • 2
  1. 1.Senckenberg Museum für Naturkunde GörlitzGörlitzGermany
  2. 2.Institut für GeowissenschaftenFriedrich-Schiller-Universität JenaJenaGermany
  3. 3.Landesamt für UmweltLandwirtschaft und GeologieFreibergGermany

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