Research on feature point extraction and matching machine learning method based on light field imaging


At present, there are many methods to realize the matching of specified images with features, and the basic components include image feature point detection, feature description, and image matching. Based on this background, this article has done different research and exploration around these three aspects. The image feature point detection method is firstly studied, which commonly include image edge information-based feature detection method, corner information-based detection method, and various interest operators. However, all of the traditional detection methods are involved in problems of large computation burden and time consumption. In order to solve this problem, a feature detection method based on image grayscale information-FAST operator is used in this paper, which is combined with decision tree theory to effectively improve the speed of extracting image feature points. Then, the feature point description method BRIEF operator is studied, which is a local expression of detected image feature points based on descriptors. Since the descriptor does not have rotation invariance, the detection operator is endowed by a direction that is proposed in this paper, and then the local feature description is conducted on the feature descriptor to generate a binary string array containing direction information. Finally, the feature matching machine learning method is analyzed, and the nearest search method is used to find the nearest feature point pair in Euclidean distance, of which the calculation burden is small. The simulation results show that the proposed nearest neighbor search and matching machine learning algorithm has higher matching accuracy and faster calculation speed compared with the classical feature matching algorithm, which has great advantages in processing a large number of array images captured by the light field camera.

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Correspondence to Yue Wu.

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Wu, Y. Research on feature point extraction and matching machine learning method based on light field imaging. Neural Comput & Applic 31, 8157–8169 (2019).

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  • Image matching
  • Machine learning
  • Nearest neighbor search
  • Light field imaging