Neural Computing and Applications

, Volume 30, Issue 12, pp 3847–3857 | Cite as

A novel image encryption scheme based on orthogonal matrix, skew tent map, and XOR operation

  • Jawad AhmadEmail author
  • Muazzam Ali Khan
  • Fawad Ahmed
  • Jan Sher Khan
Original Article


Content protection is considered as an important issue in today’s world. Therefore, encryption of such contents is a challenging task for researchers. They are focusing on protection of valuable data such as image, video, and audio against different attacks from eavesdroppers. In this paper, we proposed an enhanced version of Fawad et al.’s scheme to fulfill essential needs of a secure image encryption algorithm. The proposed cryptosystem is resistant against many attacks like brute force, differential and statistical. To quantify the quality of the proposed scheme, instead of visual inspection, the proposed scheme is analyzed through various tests, such as correlation coefficient, information entropy, Number of Pixel Change Rate (NPCR) and Unified Average Change Intensity (UACI). Simulation results of the presented scheme shows good diffusion characteristics when compared to other traditional schemes.


Image encryption Security efficiency Entropy DCT NPCR UACI 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interests

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© The Natural Computing Applications Forum 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jawad Ahmad
    • 1
    Email author
  • Muazzam Ali Khan
    • 2
  • Fawad Ahmed
    • 1
  • Jan Sher Khan
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Electrical EngineeringHITEC University TaxilaTaxilaPakistan
  2. 2.Department of Computer EngineeringNational University of Sciences, TechnologyIslamabadPakistan
  3. 3.Department of Electrical EngineeringUniversity of GaziantepGaziantepTurkey

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