Effective long-term travel time prediction with fuzzy rules for tollway


Advanced traveller information system is an important intelligent transportation systems application area, which provides information to transport users and managers in order to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the transportation system, in the face of increasing congestion in urban cities around the world. So far very limited research attention has been focused on long-term travel time prediction (i.e. predicting greater than 60 min ahead). Long-term travel time forecasts can play a critical role in journey planning decisions for both private road users and logistics operators. In this paper, we have considered a fuzzy neural network incorporated with both imprecise and numerical information and developed a hybrid long-term travel time prediction model, which shows the better prediction capability than naive methods and highlights the importance of different data variables. The model combines the learning ability of neural networks and the knowledge extraction ability of fuzzy inference systems. The model was validated by using travel time data compiled from electronic toll tags on a 14 km length section of the CityLink tollway in Melbourne, Australia. The validation results highlight the ability of the fuzzy neural network model to accommodate imprecise and linguistic input information, while providing reliable predictions of travel times up to a few days ahead.

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Correspondence to Jun Shen.



Intelligent transportation systems


Automatic vehicle identification


Evolving fuzzy neural network


Global positioning system


Burnley to Moreland


Moreland to Burnley


Artificial neural networks


Mean error


Mean relative error


Mean absolute error


Mean absolute relative error

Fuzzy sets

Very small (VS), small (S), medium (M), large (L), very large (VL)

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Li, R., Rose, G., Chen, H. et al. Effective long-term travel time prediction with fuzzy rules for tollway. Neural Comput & Applic 30, 2921–2933 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00521-017-2899-6

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  • Fuzzy neural network
  • Long-term travel time prediction
  • Fuzzy rules