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Supportive Care in Cancer

, Volume 26, Issue 8, pp 2571–2579 | Cite as

Religious coping and death depression in Iranian patients with cancer: relationships to disease stage

  • Saeed Pahlevan Sharif
  • Rebecca H. Lehto
  • Hamid Sharif Nia
  • Amir Hossein Goudarzian
  • Ali Akbar Haghdoost
  • Ameneh Yaghoobzadeh
  • Bahram Tahmasbi
  • Roghieh Nazari
Original Article
  • 94 Downloads

Abstract

Purpose

The study investigated relationships among the extent of disease, religious coping, and death depression in Iranian patients with cancer.

Method

A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted with a convenience sample of 482 Iranian cancer patients. Participants completed demographic and health, death depression, and religious coping surveys.

Results

After controlling for demographic and health characteristics, positive and negative religious coping behaviors were significantly related to the experience of death depression. There was an interaction effect between negative religious coping and extent of disease with significant positive relationships to the experience of death depression.

Conclusions

Negative religious coping was found to be more closely associated with death depression in patients with earlier stage disease than those with advanced stages of cancer in this sample of patients with cancer from Iran. Findings support assessing patients for use of religious coping strategies. Muslim patients who are religiously alienated and have existential anguish may be vulnerable and need heightened support following diagnosis and during treatment of early stage cancer.

Keywords

Cancer Culture Death depression Religious coping Muslim 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would also like to thank patients and officials of selected hospitals for their participation in this study.

Funding information

The research committee of Mazandaran University of medical sciences (Sari, Iran) financially supported this study.

Compliance with ethical standards

All study procedures were approved by the Ethics Committee (Ethical Code: IR.MAZUMS.REC.1396.10189) of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran. Prior to obtaining written informed consent, patients were apprised relative to the study purpose, what the investigation entailed, and voluntary nature. The confidentiality of patients’ information was ensured with no identifiers used in any surveys and all data were collected in private locations.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Saeed Pahlevan Sharif
    • 1
  • Rebecca H. Lehto
    • 2
  • Hamid Sharif Nia
    • 3
  • Amir Hossein Goudarzian
    • 4
  • Ali Akbar Haghdoost
    • 5
  • Ameneh Yaghoobzadeh
    • 6
  • Bahram Tahmasbi
    • 3
  • Roghieh Nazari
    • 3
  1. 1.Taylor’s Business SchoolTaylor’s University MalaysiaSubang JayaMalaysia
  2. 2.College of NursingMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA
  3. 3.School of Nursing and Midwifery AmolMazandaran University of Medical SciencesSariIran
  4. 4.Student Research CommitteeMazandaran University of Medical SciencesSariIran
  5. 5.Modeling in Health Research Center, Institute for Futures Studies in HealthKerman University of Medical SciencesKermanIran
  6. 6.School of Nursing and MidwiferyTehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran

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