Religious coping and death depression in Iranian patients with cancer: relationships to disease stage
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The study investigated relationships among the extent of disease, religious coping, and death depression in Iranian patients with cancer.
A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted with a convenience sample of 482 Iranian cancer patients. Participants completed demographic and health, death depression, and religious coping surveys.
After controlling for demographic and health characteristics, positive and negative religious coping behaviors were significantly related to the experience of death depression. There was an interaction effect between negative religious coping and extent of disease with significant positive relationships to the experience of death depression.
Negative religious coping was found to be more closely associated with death depression in patients with earlier stage disease than those with advanced stages of cancer in this sample of patients with cancer from Iran. Findings support assessing patients for use of religious coping strategies. Muslim patients who are religiously alienated and have existential anguish may be vulnerable and need heightened support following diagnosis and during treatment of early stage cancer.
KeywordsCancer Culture Death depression Religious coping Muslim
The authors would also like to thank patients and officials of selected hospitals for their participation in this study.
Compliance with ethical standards
All study procedures were approved by the Ethics Committee (Ethical Code: IR.MAZUMS.REC.1396.10189) of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran. Prior to obtaining written informed consent, patients were apprised relative to the study purpose, what the investigation entailed, and voluntary nature. The confidentiality of patients’ information was ensured with no identifiers used in any surveys and all data were collected in private locations.
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
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