Supportive Care in Cancer

, Volume 23, Issue 2, pp 473–481 | Cite as

The Spanish version of the Body Image Scale (S-BIS): psychometric properties in a sample of breast and gynaecological cancer patients

  • Paloma Gómez-Campelo
  • Carmen Bragado-Álvarez
  • M. José Hernández-Lloreda
  • M. Luisa Sánchez-Bernardos
Original Article

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this study is to develop a Spanish version of the Body Image Scale (Hopwood et al. Eur J Cancer 37(2):189–197, 2001) and to analyze its psychometric properties in a sample of women with breast or gynaecological cancer.

Methods

The Spanish version of the Body Image Scale was developed using a forward and backward translation technique . A total sample of 100 women who had undergone radical surgery for breast (n = 50) or gynaecological cancer (n = 50) completed the scale.

Results

Factor analysis resulted in a single-factor solution, both in the total sample and in the two subgroups, accounting for >76 % variance. Internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha) was 0.960. The Spanish version of the Body Image Scale correlated negatively with self-esteem (r = −0.733), quality of life (r = −0.632) and age (r = −0.643) and positively with depression (r = 0.832) and anxiety (r = 0.564); all p values <0.01.

Conclusions

To our knowledge, this is the first study that provides a Spanish version of the Body Image Scale. Our results show a stable factorial structure between samples with a single-factor solution and good psychometric properties, suggesting that it is a suitable tool for measuring body image concerns among Spanish-speaking cancer patients. Its brevity and comprehensibility allow a quick assessment both in clinical and research settings.

Keywords

Neoplasms Body image Questionnaires Translation procedure Validation Spanish version Spain 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was supported by a public grant from “Agencia Lain Entralgo” (Ministry of Health; Madrid, Spain). The authors thank Maria Die-Trill (University General Hospital ‘Gregorio Marañón’, Madrid, Spain) for her assistance during the data collection process. The authors also thank Dr. Penelope Hopwood for her permission to use the Body Image Scale.

Conflict of interest

No conflicts of interest exist for any of the authors of this study.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paloma Gómez-Campelo
    • 1
  • Carmen Bragado-Álvarez
    • 2
  • M. José Hernández-Lloreda
    • 2
  • M. Luisa Sánchez-Bernardos
    • 2
  1. 1.Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria del Hospital Universitario La Paz (IdiPaz), Aging and Fragility in the Elderly GroupHospital Universitario La PazMadridSpain
  2. 2.Facultad de PsicologíaUniversidad Complutense de MadridMadridSpain

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