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A qualitative study exploring the experience of the partners of cancer survivors and their views on the role of primary care

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Abstract

Purpose

The partners of cancer survivors may experience distress, anxiety, fear and uncertainty whilst also caring for and supporting a partner who is ill. As they concentrate on the cancer survivor’s needs, their own needs may remain unaddressed. Primary care staff may be well placed to support partners as they are generally accessible and may have a better knowledge of the patient’s background and family relationships. However, their current involvement in the cancer survivor’s and partner’s cancer-related care is unclear. This study aimed to describe the experience of the partners of cancer survivors in dealing with cancer-related issues in the first 3 years post-diagnosis, their use of primary care services in relation to these issues and the barriers in doing so and their views on the role that primary care could potentially play in supporting them as carers during this period.

Methods

Semi-structured interviews with 22 partners of cancer survivors diagnosed within the last 3 years and recruited through six GP practices in the Thames Valley Region of the UK were analysed using the ‘framework’ approach to thematic analysis.

Results

Three issues were identified as of particular concern to partners: providing practical support, providing emotional support and managing their own health and well-being. Few partners had sought or received support from primary care specifically for cancer-related issues, indicating confidentiality, lack of knowledge of family relationships and the greater need of the cancer survivor as barriers. Most partners would welcome a proactive approach from primary care and felt that this would provide an opportunity to discuss issues they were concerned about.

Conclusions

Needs and concerns of the partners of cancer survivors in caring for patients are often not addressed. There is a scope for primary care to elicit these needs and provide greater support. Changes to clinical practice in primary care could lead to greater involvement of and to better outcomes for cancer survivors and their partners. A proactive approach to patients and their partners or other close family members at the time of diagnosis through an offer of support and the inclusion in a designated review appointment at the end of initial treatment would be useful.

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Acknowledgements

We would like to thank Mr. Bill Savage, Mr. John Belcher and Ms. Annette Rauf, the user representatives on the study. They have made an invaluable contribution to all aspects of the study. We are very sad that John died before the preparation of this manuscript. We would also like to thank members of the Macmillan Palliative and Cancer Care Research Collaborative (MacPaCC) who have provided helpful comments on the study. EW is a member of MacPaCC. Last but not the least, we are very grateful to all cancer survivors, family members and primary care teams who willingly and generously gave their time.

Funding

We gratefully acknowledge Macmillan Cancer Support for funding this study. Beyond funding the work underlying this article, Macmillan Cancer Support played no role in study design; in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; and in the decision to submit the article for publication. All authors are independent of the funder.

Details of ethics approval

The study received ethical approval from the Oxford Brookes University Research Ethics Committee, and from the Oxfordshire Research Ethics Committee B (Application 08/H0605/112).

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Correspondence to Eila K. Watson.

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Adams, E., Boulton, M., Rose, P.W. et al. A qualitative study exploring the experience of the partners of cancer survivors and their views on the role of primary care. Support Care Cancer 20, 2785–2794 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00520-012-1400-4

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00520-012-1400-4

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