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A development of coordinate-based fuzzy encoding algorithm in compression of grayscale images

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Abstract

Image compression techniques realized in various ways have become an indispensable part in the practical storage and transmission of digital images. In this study, we present a novel method of lossy compression based on sampling and fuzzy encoding for grayscale images and discuss the problem of their reconstruction. First, an image is divided into a number of non-overlapping blocks of pixels. Next, we perform multiple rounds of random sampling. In each round, a number of pixels are selected as prototypes for the representing the corresponding block. Each pixel in the block is reconstructed based on the gray levels of the prototypes and membership degrees computed with respect to the distances of each pixel to the prototypes. The reconstruction abilities delivered by the prototypes are quantified by a certain objective fidelity criteria and the prototypes leading to lowest reconstruction error are determined as representatives of current block. Finally, once the representatives in each block have been determined, we reconstruct the whole image based on these prototypes. Experimental studies as well as visual evaluations show that the proposed algorithm is able to achieve high compression ratios while preserving the overall fidelity in the decompressed images.

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Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant Nos. 62076189, 62006184, 61873277 the Recruitment Program of Global Experts, Canada Research Chair (CRC), Natural Sciences and Engineering Research council of Canada (NSERC) and the Science and Technology Development Fund, MSAR, under Grant No. 0012/2019/A3.

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Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Contributions

DW: investigation, methodology, coding and writing. XZ: experimental studies, writing and reviewing. WP: methodology and reviewing. ZY: reviewing. ZL: investigation, reviewing.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Xiubin Zhu.

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There is no conflict of interest with any of the suggested reviewers. I would like to declare on behalf of my co-authors that the work described was original research that has not been published previously, and not under consideration for publication elsewhere, in whole or in part. All the authors listed have approved the manuscript that is enclosed.

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Ethics approval was not required for this research.

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We the undersigned declare that this manuscript entitled “A Coordinate-based Fuzzy Encoding Strategy for Compressing Grayscale Images” is original, has not been published before and is not currently being considered for publication elsewhere. We confirm that the manuscript has been read and approved by all named authors and that there are no other persons who satisfied the criteria for authorship but are not listed. We further confirm that the order of authors listed in the manuscript has been approved by all of us. Signed by all authors as follows: Dan Wang, Xiubin Zhu, Witold Pedrycz, Zhenhua Yu, and Zhiwu Li.

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Wang, D., Zhu, X., Pedrycz, W. et al. A development of coordinate-based fuzzy encoding algorithm in compression of grayscale images. Soft Comput (2023). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00500-023-09106-8

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