Soft Computing

, Volume 22, Issue 5, pp 1475–1490 | Cite as

Segmentation and classification of hyperspectral images using CHV pattern extraction grid

  • Gokulakrishnan GopalanEmail author
  • Tholkappia Arasu Govindarajan


Recently, most critical challenge tasks in remote sensing applications are the segmentation and classification of hyperspectral images (HSI). Data dependency and relation among the frequency bands are the major drawbacks in the traditional HSI segmentation and classification techniques for large-size images. To segment and classify the regions in HSI, the clear description of the edge information is necessary. The presence of noise needs to be removed prior to the clear edge information extraction. To alleviate such issues, the new way of pattern extraction is proposed in this paper. Initially, the fuzzy-based adaptive median filtering removes the noise present in the image which is the prior step for clear information extraction. The integration of circular local binary pattern with the sorted local horizontal vector (CHV) patterns extracts the clear edge information necessary for classification. The intensity values from the color-based feature extraction and the CHV pattern are used to construct the relevance vector machine kernel with the limits. The comparative analysis between the proposed CHV-based pattern extraction grid with the existing techniques regarding the various metrics such as accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, rate variations and coefficient variations assures the effectiveness of proposed work in remote sensing applications.


Hyperspectral image (HSI) Color-based features Fuzzy-based adaptive median filter (FAMF) Circular local binary pattern (CLBP) Sorted local horizontal–vertical (SLHV) Relevance vector machine (RVM) 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gokulakrishnan Gopalan
    • 1
    Email author
  • Tholkappia Arasu Govindarajan
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Computer Science and EngineeringJayam College of Engineering and TechnologyDharmapuriIndia
  2. 2.Department of Electronics and Communication EngineeringAVS College of TechnologySalemIndia

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