Soft Computing

, Volume 22, Issue 7, pp 2081–2094 | Cite as

Generalized rough set models determined by multiple neighborhoods generated from a similarity relation

  • Jianhua Dai
  • Shuaichao Gao
  • Guojie Zheng


Rough set theory is widely used to deal with uncertainty. Original rough set model is mainly based on equivalence relations. To extend the application scope, classical rough set model based on equivalence relations is generalized to rough set model based on similarity relations. In the present paper, we propose and investigate three new generalized rough set models by introducing new definitions of lower and upper approximations based on multiple neighborhoods generated from a similarity relation. The characteristics of the proposed approximations are investigated. Theoretically, analysis indicates the monotonicity of the corresponding uncertainty measures including accuracy, roughness and approximation accuracy. Experiments indicate that the constructed monotonic measures can be used in attribute reduction.


Rough set model Similarity relation Roughness Accuracy measure Attribute reduction 



This work was partially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 61473259, 61070074, 60703038), the Zhejiang Provincial Natural Science Foundation (No. LY14F020029), the National Science and Technology Support Program of China (2015BAK26B00, 2015BAK26B01, 2015BAK26B02) and the PEIYANG Young Scholars Program of Tianjin University (2016XRX-0001).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Computer Science and TechnologyTianjin UniversityTianjinChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of High Performance Computing and Stochastic Information Processing (HPCSIP) (Ministry of Education of China)Hunan Normal UniversityChangshaChina
  3. 3.College of Computer Science and TechnologyZhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina

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