DUK-SVD: dynamic dictionary updating for sparse representation of a long-time remote sensing image sequence
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Sparse representations of data or signals have drawn considerable attentions in the past decade. In this paper, we focus on the problem of training high-efficacy dictionaries for remote sensing images of massive long-time sequences. By extending the classical K-SVD, we propose a new dictionaries learning algorithm. Different from K-SVD, in the proposed incremental K-SVD algorithm, we selectively train a certain number of atoms when each new batch of sample data are added into the training process; current dictionary are replenished by the selected and enhanced atoms. The new atoms are initialized by information entropy. Meanwhile, we introduce an uncertainty metric to determine whether or not new atoms should be added into the current dictionary. To efficiently and sparsely represent the long-time sequence data set, we also de-correlate the dictionary based on new atoms by introducing a mutual coherence constraint into the atom updating stage. The method presented in this paper aims to adaptively and dynamically train the dictionary from big data. Two other state-of-the-art dictionary learning methods such as online dictionary learning (ODL) and recursive least squares dictionary learning algorithm (RLS-DLA) who also could train the dictionary using relatively large data, are comprehensively compared with the proposed algorithm in both sparse model and error model. In the sparse model, the reconstruction error of the DUK-SVD dictionary was smaller than ODL and RLS-DLA. In the error model, the sparsity of the DUK-SVD was higher than ODL and RLS-DLA. We can also observe that in the sparse model the proposed DUK-SVD often consume fewer computing time than ODL.
KeywordsLong-time sequence Sparse representation Dictionary learning Remote sensing
This work is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 41571413 and 41471368).
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
This article does not contain any studies with human participants performed by any of the authors.
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