Adaptive nesting of evolutionary algorithms for the optimization of Microgrid’s sizing and operation scheduling
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This paper proposes a novel adaptive nesting Evolutionary Algorithm to jointly optimize two important aspects of the configuration and planning of a Microgrid (MG): the structure’s design and the way it is operated in time (specifically, the charging and discharging scheduling of the Energy Storage System, ESS, elements). For this purpose, a real MG scenario consisting of a wind and a photovoltaic generator, an ESS made up of one electrochemical battery, and residential and industrial loads is considered. Optimization is addressed by nesting a two-steps procedure [the first step optimizes the structure using an Evolutionary Algorithm (EA), and the second step optimizes the scheduling using another EA] following different adaptive approaches that determine the number of fitness function evaluations to perform in each EA. Finally, results obtained are compared to non-nesting 2-steps algorithm evolving following a classical scheme. Results obtained show a 3.5 % improvement with respect to the baseline scenario (the non-nesting 2-steps algorithm), or a 21 % improvement when the initial solution obtained with the Baseline Charge and Discharge Procedure is used as reference.
KeywordsMicrogrids Microgrid design Microgrid operation Energy storage system scheduling Evolutionary algorithms Nesting algorithms
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