Soft Computing

, Volume 21, Issue 19, pp 5805–5813 | Cite as

BAT-ANN based earthquake prediction for Pakistan region

Methodologies and Application

Abstract

Earthquakes are natural disasters which may result in heavy losses. Accurate prediction of the time and intensity of future earthquakes can lead to minimizing losses due to earthquakes. A number of earthquake predictions have been proposed based on mathematical and statistical models. In this paper, we present an earthquake prediction technique using Bat Algorithm (BA) and Feed Forward Neural Network (FFNN). The BA is used to train the weights of the FFNN to predict future earthquakes on the basis of past input data. Experimental results show that our proposed approach is highly comparable and more stable than Back Propagation Neural Network (BPNN) with respect to accuracy.

Keywords

Earthquake prediction Bat Algorithm Artificial neural network Optimization technique 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Statement of human and animal rights

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Comsats Institute of Information TechnologyIslamabadPakistan
  2. 2.HITEC UniversityTaxilaPakistan

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