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A decision rule-based soft computing model for supporting financial performance improvement of the banking industry

Abstract

This study attempts to diagnose the financial performance improvement of commercial banks by integrating suitable soft computing methods. The diagnosis of financial performance improvement comprises of three parts: prediction, selection and improvement. The performance prediction problem involves many criteria, and the complexity among the interrelated variables impedes researchers to discover patterns by conventional statistical methods. Therefore, this study adopts a dominance-based rough set approach to solve the prediction problem, and the core attributes in the obtained decision rules are further processed by an integrated multiple criteria decision-making method to make selection and to devise improvement plans. By using VIKOR method and the influential weights of DANP, decision maker may plan to reduce gap of each criterion for achieving aspired level. The retrieved attributes (i.e., criteria) are used to collect the knowledge of domain experts for selection and improvement. This study uses the data (from 2008 to 2011) from the central bank of Taiwan for obtaining decision rules and forming an evaluation model; furthermore, the data of five commercial banks in 2011 and 2012 are chosen to evaluate and improve the real cases. In the result, we found the top-ranking bank outperformed the other four banks, and its performance gaps for improvements were also identified, which indicates the effectiveness of the proposed model.

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Correspondence to Gwo-Hshiung Tzeng.

Additional information

Communicated by J.-W. Jung.

Appendix

Appendix

See Table 15.

Table 15 Main parameters used in the proposed and compared approaches

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Shen, KY., Tzeng, GH. A decision rule-based soft computing model for supporting financial performance improvement of the banking industry. Soft Comput 19, 859–874 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00500-014-1413-7

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Keywords

  • Rough set approach (RSA)
  • Dominance-based rough set approach (DRSA)
  • DEMATEL-based ANP (DANP)
  • VIKOR
  • Multiple criteria decision making (MCDM)