Cycle Traversability for Claw-Free Graphs and Polyhedral Maps

Abstract

Let G be a graph, and \(v \in V(G)\) and \(S \subseteq V(G)\setminus{v}\) of size at least k. An important result on graph connectivity due to Perfect states that, if v and S are k-linked, then a (k−1)-link between a vertex v and S can be extended to a k-link between v and S such that the endvertices of the (k−1)-link are also the endvertices of the k-link. We begin by proving a generalization of Perfect's result by showing that, if two disjoint sets S1 and S2 are k-linked, then a t-link (t<k) between two disjoint sets S1 and S2 can be extended to a k-link between S1 and S2 such that the endvertices of the t-link are preserved in the k-link.

Next, we are able to use these results to show that a 3-connected claw-free graph always has a cycle passing through any given five vertices, but avoiding any other one specified vertex. We also show that this result is sharp by exhibiting an infinite family of 3-connected claw-free graphs in which there is no cycle containing a certain set of six vertices but avoiding a seventh specified vertex. A direct corollary of our main result shows that a 3-connected claw-free graph has a topological wheel minor Wk with k ≤ 5 if and only if it has a vertex of degree at least k.

Finally, we also show that a graph polyhedrally embedded in a surface always has a cycle passing through any given three vertices, but avoiding any other specified vertex. The result is best possible in the sense that the polyhedral embedding assumption is necessary, and there are infinitely many graphs polyhedrally embedded in surfaces having no cycle containing a certain set of four vertices but avoiding a fifth specified vertex.

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Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank the referees for their valuable comments.

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Correspondence to Dong Ye.

Additional information

Partially supported by the NKFIH Grant K116769.

Partially supported by a grant from the Simons Foundation (No. 359516).

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Győri, E., Plummer, M.D., Ye, D. et al. Cycle Traversability for Claw-Free Graphs and Polyhedral Maps. Combinatorica 40, 405–433 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00493-019-4042-z

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Mathematics Subject Classification (2010)

  • 05C38
  • 05C40