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Finding perfect matchings in bipartite hypergraphs

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Abstract

Haxell’s condition [14] is a natural hypergraph analog of Hall’s condition, which is a wellknown necessary and sufficient condition for a bipartite graph to admit a perfect matching. That is, when Haxell’s condition holds it forces the existence of a perfect matching in the bipartite hypergraph. Unlike in graphs, however, there is no known polynomial time algorithm to find the hypergraph perfect matching that is guaranteed to exist when Haxell’s condition is satisfied.

We prove the existence of an efficient algorithm to find perfect matchings in bipartite hypergraphs whenever a stronger version of Haxell’s condition holds. Our algorithm can be seen as a generalization of the classical Hungarian algorithm for finding perfect matchings in bipartite graphs. The techniques we use to achieve this result could be of use more generally in other combinatorial problems on hypergraphs where disjointness structure is crucial, e.g., Set Packing.

Mathematics Subject Classification (2000)

05C65 05C70 05C85 

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Copyright information

© János Bolyai Mathematical Society and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceETH ZurichZurichSwitzerland

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