Lossless Condensers, Unbalanced Expanders, And Extractors

Trevisan showed that many pseudorandom generator constructions give rise to constructions of explicit extractors. We show how to use such constructions to obtain explicit lossless condensers. A lossless condenser is a probabilistic map using only O(logn) additional random bits that maps n bits strings to poly(logK) bit strings, such that any source with support size K is mapped almost injectively to the smaller domain. Our construction remains the best lossless condenser to date.

By composing our condenser with previous extractors, we obtain new, improved extractors. For small enough min-entropies our extractors can output all of the randomness with only O(logn) bits. We also obtain a new disperser that works for every entropy loss, uses an O(logn) bit seed, and has only O(logn) entropy loss. This is the best disperser construction to date, and yields other applications. Finally, our lossless condenser can be viewed as an unbalanced bipartite graph with strong expansion properties.

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Correspondence to Amnon Ta-Shma*.

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* Much of this work was done while the author was in the Computer Science Division, University of California, Berkeley, and supported in part by a David and Lucile Packard Fellowship for Science and Engineering and NSF NYI Grant No. CCR-9457799. The work was also supported in part by an Alon fellowship and by the Israel Science Foundation.

† Much of this work was done while the author was a graduate student in the Computer Science Division, University of California, Berkeley. Supported in part by NSF Grants CCR-9820897, CCF-0346991, and an Alfred P. Sloan Research Fellowship.

‡ Much of this work was done while the author was on leave at the Computer Science Division, University of California, Berkeley. Supported in part by a David and Lucile Packard Fellowship for Science and Engineering, NSF Grants CCR-9912428 and CCR-0310960, NSF NYI Grant CCR-9457799, and an Alfred P. Sloan Research Fellowship.

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Ta-Shma*, A., Umans†, C. & Zuckerman‡, D. Lossless Condensers, Unbalanced Expanders, And Extractors. Combinatorica 27, 213–240 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00493-007-0053-2

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Mathematics Subject Classification (2000):

  • 68Q01