Skip to main content

Contrasted effects of temperature during defoliation vs. refoliation periods on the infection of rubber powdery mildew (Oidium heveae) in Xishuangbanna, China

Abstract

Rubber powdery mildew caused by the foliar fungi Oidium heveae is one of the main diseases affecting rubber plantations (Hevea brasiliensis) worldwide. It is particularly serious in sub-optimal growing areas, such as Xishuangbanna in SW China. To prevent and control this disease, fungicides causing serious environmental problems are widely used. Strong correlations between the infection level and the temperature variables were reported previously, but they were related to monthly data that did not allow unraveling the patterns during the entire sensitive period. We correlated the infection level of powdery mildew of rubber trees recorded over 2003–2011 with antecedent 365 days daily temperature variables using partial least squares (PLS) regression. Our PLS regression results showed that the infection level of powdery mildew responded differently to the temperature variables of the defoliation and refoliation periods. Further analysis with Kriging interpolation showed that the infection level increased by 20% and 11%, respectively, per 1 °C rise of the daily maximum and mean temperature in the defoliation season, while it decreased by 8% and 10%, respectively, per 1 °C rise of the daily maximum and temperature difference in the refoliation season. This pattern was likely linked to the effects of temperature on leaf phenology. It seems highly possible that the infection level of powdery mildew increases, as increasing trends of maximum temperature and mean temperature during the defoliation continue.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7

References

  • Agro-meteorology Group of South China Academy of Tropical Crops Sciences (SCATCS) (1959) The primary results of agrometeorological factors of rubber powdery mildew. Chinese State Farms 11:8–9

    Google Scholar 

  • Cai Z, Shi Y, Jiang G, Liu Y, Zhang C, Xiong Y, Wang J, Guo H, Ning L, Li G (2018) Investigation and causes analysis of rubber powdery mildew and its comtrolling suggestions in Xishuangbanna region in 2017. China Plant Protection 38:29–33

    Google Scholar 

  • Cao M, Zou XM, Warren M, Zhu H (2006) Tropical forests of Xishuangbanna, China. Biotropica 38:306–309. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7429.2006.00146.x

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Chen Y, Zhu Y, Zhang J, Zhou S, Zhang L (2019) Study on dynamic forecast of the suitability degree of rubber powdery mildew weather condition in Yunnan Province. J Catastrophol 34:148–152

    Google Scholar 

  • Cardoso SEA, Freitas TA, Silva DDC, Gouvêa LRL, Gonçalves PDS, Mattos CRR, Garcia D (2014) Comparison of growth, yield and related traits of resistant Hevea genotypes under high South American leaf blight pressure. Ind Crop Prod 53:337–349

  • Desprez-Loustau ML, Feau N, Mougou-Hamdane A, Dutech C (2011) Interspecific and intraspecific diversity in oak powdery mildews in Europe: coevolution history and adaptation to their hosts. Mycoscience 52(3):165–173. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10267-010-0100-5

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Guo L, Dai J, Ranjitkar S, Xu J, Luedeling E (2013) Response of chestnut phenology in China to climate variation and change. Agric For Meteorol 180:164–172. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2013.06.004

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Guo L, Dai J, Wang M, Xu J, Luedeling E (2015) Responses of spring phenology in temperate zone trees to climate warming: a case study of apricot flowering in China. Agric For Meteorol 201:1–7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2014.10.016

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Guo L, Cheng JM, Luedeling E, Koerner SE, He JS, Xu JC, Gang CC, Li W, Luo RM, Peng CH (2017) Critical climate periods for grassland productivity on China’s Loess Plateau. Agric For Meteorol 233:101–109. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2016.11.006

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Guyot J, Omanda EN, Ndoutoume A, Otsaghe A-AM, Enjalric F, Assoumou H-GN (2001) Effect of controlling Colletotrichum leaf fall of rubber tree on epidemic development and rubber production. Crop Prot 20:581–590. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0261-2194(01)00027-8

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Guyot J, Ntawanga Omanda E, Pinard F (2005) Some epidemiological investigations on Colletotrichum leaf disease on rubber tree. Crop Prot 24:65–77. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2004.06.009

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Guyot J, Condina V, Doare F, Cilas C, Sache I (2010) Segmentation applied to weather-disease relationships in South American leaf blight of the rubber tree. Eur J Plant Pathol 126:349–362. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10658-009-9540-1

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Lan G, Li Y, Lesueur D, Wu Z, Xie G (2018) Seasonal changes impact soil bacterial communities in a rubber plantation on Hainan Island, China. Sci Total Environ 626:826–834. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.01.147

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  • Li YW, Xia YJ, Li HY, Deng XB, Sha LQ, Li B, Lin LX, Cao M (2016) Accumulated impacts of sulfur spraying on soil nutrient availability and microbial biomass in rubber plantations. Clean-Soil Air Water 44:1001–1010. https://doi.org/10.1002/clen.201400397

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  • Liyanage KK, Khan S, Mortimer PE, Hyde KD, Xu J, Brooks S, Ming Z (2016) Powdery mildew disease of rubber tree. For Pathol 46:90–103. https://doi.org/10.1111/efp.12271

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Liyanage KK, Khan S, Brooks S, Mortimer PE, Karunarathna SC, Xu JC, Hyde KD (2018) Morpho-molecular characterization of two Ampelomyces spp. (Pleosporales) strains mycoparasites of powdery mildew of Hevea brasiliensis. Front Microbiol 9:12. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2018.00012

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Liyanage KK, Khan S, Ranjitkar S, Yu H, Xu J, Brooks S, Beckschäfer P, Hyde KD (2019) Evaluation of key meteorological determinants of wintering and flowering patterns of five rubber clones in Xishuangbanna, Yunnan, China. Int J Biometeorol 63:617–625. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00484-018-1598-z

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  • Lu D, Zhou Q, Zheng G, Yu Z (1982) A biological study on Oidium Heveae. Chin J Trop Crop Research 3:63–70

    Google Scholar 

  • Luedeling E (2017) ChillR: statistical methods for phenology analysis in temperate fruit trees., R package version 0.66. http://cran.r-project.org/package=chillR (accessed on 20 May 2018). Accessed 20 May 2018

  • Luedeling E, Gassner A (2012) Partial least squares regression for analyzing walnut phenology in California. Agric For Meteorol 158–159:43–52. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2011.10.020

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Luedeling E, Guo L, Dai JH, Leslie C, Blanke MM (2013) Differential responses of trees to temperature variation during the chilling and forcing phases. Agric For Meteorol 181:33–42. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2013.06.018

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Marcais B, Desprez-Loustau ML (2014) European oak powdery mildew: impact on trees, effects of environmental factors, and potential effects of climate change. Ann For Sci 71:633–642. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13595-012-0252-x

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Mevik BH, Wehrens R, Liland K (2016) PLS: partial least squares and principal component regression., R Package Version 2.6.0, http://cran.r-project.org/package=pls

  • Nychka D, Furrer R, Paige J, Sain S (2017) Fields: tools for spatial data, R Package Version 9.0, http://cran.r-project.org/package=fields

  • Paris HS, Cohen R (2002) Powdery mildew-resistant summer squash hybrids having higher yields than their susceptible, commercial counterparts. Euphytica 124:121–128. https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1015623013740

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  • Plant Protection Research Institute of South China Academy of Tropical Crops Sciences (PPRI, SCATCS) (1983) Epidemic pattern of rubber powdery mildew in 1959–1981. Chin J Trop Crop Res 4:75–84

    Google Scholar 

  • Plant Protection Research Institute of South China Academy of Tropical Crops Sciences (PPRI, SCATCS) (1985) Rubber powdery mildew forecasting in 1960–1980. Chin J Trop Crop Res 6:51–56

    Google Scholar 

  • Priyadarshan P (2011) Biology of Hevea rubber. CAB International, Wallingford

    Book  Google Scholar 

  • R Core Team (2017) R: A Language and environment for statistical Computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. https://www.R-project.org/

  • Rivano F, Mattos CRR, Cardoso SEA, Martinez M, Cevallos V, Le Guen V, Garcia D (2013) Breeding Hevea brasiliensis for yield, growth and SALB resistance for high disease environments. Ind Crop Prod 44:659–670. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2012.09.005

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Shao Z, Hu Z (1984) Powdery mildew infestation investigation on different leaf phenologies of rubber trees. Yunnan Trop Technol 1:1–5

    Google Scholar 

  • Shao Z, Zhou J, Chen J, Li C, Meng Y (1996) Powdery mildew epidemic rate of rubber trees Yunnan. Trop Technol 19:2–12

    Google Scholar 

  • Shi S (2012) The control of rubber powdery mildew. Yunnan Agr 4:25–26

    Google Scholar 

  • Su C, Chen G, Zhang Z, Peng R, ZHang Y, Yang J (2015) Investigation on powdery mildew in private Hevea plantaions of Ruili City in the year of 2013. Trop Agr Sci Technol 38:10–12

    Google Scholar 

  • Tan F, Wang S (2003) The application of spraying sulfur to control the rubber powdery mildew disease. Chin J Trop Crop Sci 23:8–13

    Google Scholar 

  • Tan F, Wang S, Chen J (2001) Rubber powdery mildew control technologies in Hekou, Yunnan. Yunnan Trop Technol 24:11–16

    Google Scholar 

  • Wen Y, Li R, He C, Li J, Yang K, Wu X (2018) Prevalence of Hevea powdery mildew (Oidium heveae) in Danzhou and its adjacent areas in Hainan. Chin J Trop Agr 38:74–78

    Google Scholar 

  • Xu JC, Lebel L, Sturgeon J (2009) Functional links between biodiversity, livelihoods, and culture in a Hani Swidden landscape in Southwest China. Ecol Soc 14:20

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Yu Z, Wang S (1988) Epidemic processes and structure of rubber powdery mildew. Chin J Tropical Crops 1:83–89

    Google Scholar 

  • Yu Z, Wang S, Zhou C (1980) Rubber powdery mildew epidemic factors and control analysis, and the assessment in 1979. Chin J Trop Agr Res 2:89–99

    Google Scholar 

  • Yu Z, Wang S, Zhou C (1985) Changing patterns of spores of Oidium Heveae. Chin J Trop Crop Res 2:34–40

    Google Scholar 

  • Yu H, Hammond J, Ling S, Zhou S, Mortimer PE, Xu J (2014) Greater diurnal temperature difference, an overlooked but important climatic driver of rubber yield. Ind Crop Prod 62:14–21. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2014.08.001

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Yunnan Institute of Tropical Crops (YITC) (1981) Rubber powdery mildew forecasting in Jinghong. Yunnan Trop Technol 1:28–34

    Google Scholar 

  • Zhai D-L, Yu H, Chen S-C, Ranjitkar S, Xu J (2019) Responses of rubber leaf phenology to climatic variations in Southwest China. Int J Biometeorol 63:607–616. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00484-017-1448-4

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Zhang J, Cao M (1995) Tropical forest vegetation of Xishuangbanna, SW China and its secondary changes, with special reference to some problems in local nature conservation. Biol Conserv 73:229–238. https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-3207(94)00118-a

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Zhang H, Yang S, Li W, Hu Y, Bai X (2009) Epidemic pattern of rubber powdery mildew in Dehong. The 2009 annual conference of Yunnan tropical crops, Xishuangbanna. pp. 12

  • Zhou G (1982) The relationships between winter climate and leaf shedding and powdery mildew in Jinghong. Yunnan Trop Technol 4:18–23

    Google Scholar 

  • Zhou W, Sha L, Shen S, Zheng Z (2008) Seasonal change of soil respiration and its influence factors in rubber (Hevea brasiliensis) plantation in Xishuangbanna, SW China. J Mt Sci 03:317–325

    Google Scholar 

  • Zhu H, Cao M, Hu HB (2006) Geological history, flora, and vegetation of Xishuangbanna, southern Yunnan, China. Biotropica 38:310–317. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7429.2006.00147.x

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Zomer RJ, Trabucco A, Wang M, Lang R, Chen H, Metzger MJ, Smajgl A, Beckschäfer P, Xu J (2014) Environmental stratification to model climate change impacts on biodiversity and rubber production in Xishuangbanna, Yunnan, China. Biol Conserv 170:264–273

Download references

Acknowledgments

The first author thanks all the members of Ecolab at NAU for their research experiences and skills sharing.

Funding

This work was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC), by the Belmont Forum Collaborative Research Action “Mountains as Sentinels of Change-2015” (No. 41661144001), and by the Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (QYZDY-SSW-SMC014). This work was supported by a visiting scholar grant to Deli Zhai to the University of Northern Arizona in 2017–2018 from the Kunming Institute of Botany.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding authors

Correspondence to De-Li Zhai or Jianchu Xu.

Additional information

Publisher's note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Electronic supplementary material

ESM 1

(DOCX 303 kb)

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Zhai, DL., Wang, J., Thaler, P. et al. Contrasted effects of temperature during defoliation vs. refoliation periods on the infection of rubber powdery mildew (Oidium heveae) in Xishuangbanna, China. Int J Biometeorol 64, 1835–1845 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00484-020-01969-y

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00484-020-01969-y

Keywords

  • Rubber plantation
  • Hevea brasiliensis
  • Partial least squares (PLS) regression
  • Phenology
  • Xishuangbanna