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Influence of geomagnetic activity and atmospheric pressure in hypertensive adults

Abstract

We performed a study of the systolic and diastolic arterial blood pressure behavior under natural variables such as the atmospheric pressure and the horizontal geomagnetic field component. We worked with a group of eight adult hypertensive volunteers, four men and four women, with ages between 18 and 27 years in Mexico City during a geomagnetic storm in 2014. The data was divided by gender, age, and day/night cycle. We studied the time series using three methods: correlations, bivariate analysis, and superposed epoch (within a window of 2 days around the day of occurrence of a geomagnetic storm) analysis, between the systolic and diastolic blood pressure and the natural variables. The correlation analysis indicated a correlation between the systolic and diastolic blood pressure and the atmospheric pressure and the horizontal geomagnetic field component, being the largest during the night. Furthermore, the correlation and bivariate analyses showed that the largest correlations are between the systolic and diastolic blood pressure and the horizontal geomagnetic field component. Finally, the superposed epoch analysis showed that the largest number of significant changes in the blood pressure under the influence of geomagnetic field occurred in the systolic blood pressure for men.

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Acknowledgements

The authors acknowledge the participation of medical students of the Escuela Nacional de Medicina y Homeopatía, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, coordinated by Jonathan Levi Rito Medina, associated to the fellowship program EDI-IPN. We also thank DGAPA-UNAM grant PAPIIT-IN103415. We thank the referees their knowledge and time in the rewiew and arbitration of this work.

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Azcárate, T., Mendoza, B. Influence of geomagnetic activity and atmospheric pressure in hypertensive adults. Int J Biometeorol 61, 1585–1592 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00484-017-1337-x

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00484-017-1337-x

Keywords

  • Natural variables, atmospheric pressure, geomagnetic activity, geomagnetic storms
  • Blood pressure
  • Arterial hypertension
  • Solar activity