International Journal of Biometeorology

, Volume 60, Issue 8, pp 1165–1173 | Cite as

Directional distribution of chilling winds in Estonia

  • Triin SaueEmail author
Original Paper


Wind chill equivalent temperature (WCET) is used to define thermal discomfort in winter months. Directional distributions of winds, which are associated with uncomfortable weather, were composed of three climatologically different Estonian locations: Vilsandi, Kuusiku, and Jõhvi. Cases with wind chill equivalent temperature <−10 °C, which could be classified as “uncomfortable or worse,” were investigated. Additional thresholds were used to measure weather risk. The 25th percentile of daily minimum WCET was tested to measure classical prevalent wind directions in Estonia: W, SW, and NW bring warm air in winter from the North Atlantic, while winds from the East-European plain (NE, E, and SE) are associated with cold air. The eastern prevalence was stronger when a lower threshold was used. A directional approach may find several applications, such as building, agricultural, landscape, or settlement planning.


Thermal comfort Wind distribution Wind chill Winter weather Estonia 



I thank Ain Kull from the Tartu University for the advice and suggestions. The research was supported by the applied research project “Climate change impacts on crop production in Estonia,” funded by the Estonian Ministry of Agriculture, and the COST project EURO-AGRIWAT. The author is grateful to the anonymous reviewers for their contribution to improve the MS.


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Copyright information

© ISB 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Marine Systems Institute of Tallinn University of TechnologyTallinnEstonia
  2. 2.Estonian Crop Research InstituteJõgevaEstonia

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