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Sport events and climate for visitors—the case of FIFA World Cup in Qatar 2022


The effect of weather on sport events is not well studied. It requires special attention if the event is taking place at a time and place with extreme weather situations. For the world soccer championship in Qatar (Doha 2022), human biometeorological analysis has been performed in order to identify the time of the year that is most suitable in terms of thermal comfort for visitors attending the event. The analysis is based on thermal indices like Physiologically Equivalent Temperature (PET). The results show that this kind of event may be not appropriate for visitors, if it is placed during months with extreme conditions. For Doha, this is the period from May to September, when conditions during a large majority of hours of the day cause strong heat stress for the visitors. A more appropriate time would be the months November to February, when thermally comfortable conditions are much more frequent. The methods applied here can quantify the thermal conditions and show limitations and possibilities for specific events and locations.

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Correspondence to Dominik Fröhlich.

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Matzarakis, A., Fröhlich, D. Sport events and climate for visitors—the case of FIFA World Cup in Qatar 2022. Int J Biometeorol 59, 481–486 (2015).

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  • Qatar 2022
  • Sport events
  • Physiologically Equivalent Temperature
  • Thermal stress
  • RayMan