International Journal of Biometeorology

, Volume 49, Issue 4, pp 262–266 | Cite as

The effect of climate on the phenology, acorn crop and radial increment of pedunculate oak (Quercus robur) in the middle Volga region, Tatarstan, Russia

  • O. V. Askeyev
  • D. Tischin
  • T. H. SparksEmail author
  • I. V. Askeyev
Original Article


Our data, collected in the extreme east of Europe, show that a significant biological effect of climate change has been experienced even in territories where temperature increase has been the lowest. This study documents the climatic response of pedunculate oak (Quercus robur) growing near its north-eastern limits in Europe. It demonstrates the potential of oak trees in old-growth forest to act as proxy climate indicators. Many factors may influence the temporal stability of the growth-climate, acorn crop-climate and first leafing-climate relationships. Climate data, climatic fluctuations, reproduction, genetics and tree-age may relate to this instability. Our results stress that an increase in climate variability or climatic warming resulting from warmer winters or summers could affect the oak population in eastern Europe in a similar way to that in western Europe. These findings, from remnants of oak forest in the middle Volga region of Russia, allow a further understanding of how species could be affected by future climates.


Climate impacts Phenology First leafing Tatarstan Oak 


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Copyright information

© ISB 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • O. V. Askeyev
    • 1
  • D. Tischin
    • 1
  • T. H. Sparks
    • 2
    Email author
  • I. V. Askeyev
    • 3
  1. 1.The Institute of Natural Systems EcologyTatarstan Academy of SciencesKazanRussia
  2. 2.NERC Centre for Ecology and HydrologyHuntingdonUK
  3. 3.The National Museum of Tatarstan RepublicKazanRussia

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