International Journal of Biometeorology

, Volume 47, Issue 1, pp 1–5 | Cite as

Effects of pressure on the skin exerted by clothing on responses of urinary catecholamines and cortisol, heart rate and nocturnal urinary melatonin in humans

  • Yuki Mori
  • Etsuko Kioka
  • Hiromi Tokura
Original Article


The study investigated how the pressure exerted on the skin by clothing worn while working in the daytime affected the urinary excretion of adrenaline, noradrenaline and cortisol, heart rate, and also melatonin secretion at night. Nine young women (experiment I) and seven young women (experiment II) participated. Participants wore either a 100% cotton jacket (tight clothes, TC) or a 100% cotton T-shirt (loose clothes, LC). Loose-fitting, 100% cotton tank tops and panties were worn as underwear in both the TC and the LC groups. The main results can be summarized as follows: (1) urinary excretion of adrenaline, noradrenaline and cortisol was facilitated, and the amounts of urinary excretion were significantly higher when TC were worn. Heart rate was significantly higher in the TC group; (2) nocturnal urinary melatonin excretion was significantly greater in the TC group. These results are discussed in terms of an enhancement of diurnal sympathetic nervous system activity caused by pressure on the skin produced by tight clothing.

Intermittent skin pressure Tight clothing Hormonal responses Melatonin Heart rate 


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Copyright information

© ISB 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yuki Mori
    • 1
  • Etsuko Kioka
    • 2
  • Hiromi Tokura
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Human Environment, Konan Women's University, Kobe 658-0001, Japan
  2. 2.Department of Apparel and Space Design, Kyoto Women's University, Kyoto 605-8501, Japan
  3. 3.Department of Working Physiology & Ergonomics, Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, 8 Teresy Str., P.O. Box 199, 90-950 Lodz, Poland

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