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Regionalization of floods in New Brunswick (Canada)

Abstract

This study uses the method of peaks over threshold (P.O.T.) to estimate the flood flow quantiles for a number of hydrometric stations in the province of New Brunswick, Canada. The peak values exceeding the base level (threshold), or `exceedances', are fitted by a generalized Pareto distribution. It is known that under the assumption of Poisson process arrival for flood exceedances, the P.O.T. model leads to a generalized extreme value distribution (GEV) for yearly maximum discharge values. The P.O.T. model can then be applied to calculate the quantiles X T corresponding to different return periods T, in years. A regionalization of floods in New Brunswick, which consists of dividing the province into `homogeneous regions', is performed using the method of the `region of influence'. The 100-year flood is subsequently estimated using a regionally estimated value of the shape parameter of the generalized Pareto distribution and a regression of the 100-year flood on the drainage area. The jackknife sampling method is then used to contrast the regional results with the values estimated at site. The variability of these results is presented in box-plot form.

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Received: June 1, 1997

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El-Jabi, N., Ashkar, F. & Hebabi, S. Regionalization of floods in New Brunswick (Canada). Stochastic Hydrology and Hydraulics 12, 65–82 (1998). https://doi.org/10.1007/s004770050010

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s004770050010

  • Key words: Flood flow
  • threshold
  • generalized Pareto
  • Poisson