, Volume 33, Issue 4, pp 977–985 | Cite as

Responses of the radial growth of the endangered species Keteleeria fortunei to climate change in southeastern China

  • Zheng Zhao
  • Keyan FangEmail author
  • Chunfu Cao
  • Dai Chen
  • Xiaoyue Liang
  • Zhipeng Dong
  • Peng Zhang
Review Article


Knowledge on the responses of endangered species to current global changes can highlight the necessity and importance of protecting these species. Tree-ring-based studies provide a longer term perspective than monitoring studies on the responses and adaptations of the growth of endangered species to climate change and forest disturbances. Therefore, this study conducted a tree-ring case study on Keteleeria fortunei, an endangered and endemic species in southern China, and presents the first tree-ring chronology of K. fortunei from 1850 to 2013 in the Fuzhou area, which is located west of the Taiwan Strait. K. fortunei trees tend to grow in moister locations in closed forests and are more sensitive to forest disturbances and sunshine than Pinus massoniana. Our study shows that missing rings are more frequent for K. fortunei than for P. massoniana in the same area, which agrees with previous findings that wedging and missing rings tend to occur in trees experiencing growth suppression in closed forests.


Tree ring Climate change Forest disturbance Keteleeria fortunei 



We are highly appreciative for the constructive comments from two anonymous reviewers. This research was funded by the Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (XDB26020000), National Science Foundation of China (41822101), fellowship for the National Youth Talent Support Program of China (Ten Thousand People Plan), Swedish Research Council Formas project (Future Research Leaders), Fellowship for the Youth Talent Support Program of Fujian Province, nonprofit project of Fujian province (2015R1101029-8) and innovation team project (IRTL1705).

Supplementary material

468_2019_1839_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1.1 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 1129 KB)
468_2019_1839_MOESM2_ESM.txt (0 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (TXT 0 KB)
468_2019_1839_MOESM3_ESM.rwl (56 kb)
Supplementary material 3 (RWL 55 KB)
468_2019_1839_MOESM4_ESM.rwl (115 kb)
Supplementary material 4 (RWL 115 KB)
468_2019_1839_MOESM5_ESM.rwl (25 kb)
Supplementary material 5 (RWL 25 KB)


  1. Altman J, Fibich P, Dolezal J, Aakala T (2014) TRADER: a package for tree ring analysis of disturbance events in R. Dendrochronologia 32:107–112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Butchart S, Walpole M, Collen B, Van S, Scharlemann J, Almond R, Baillie J, Bomhard B, Brown C, Bruno J (2010) Global biodiversity: indicators of recent declines. Science 328:1164–1168CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Chen MQ, Wang CY, Zhang ZK, Wang S, Ren P (2010) A study on the ecological adaptive characters related to the seeds dispersal in Keteleeria evelyniana. J Yunnan Univ 32:233–238Google Scholar
  4. Chen F, Yuan Y, Wen W, Yu S, Fan Z, Zhang R, Zhang T, Shang H (2012) Tree-ring-based reconstruction of precipitation in the Changling Mountains, China, since AD 1691. Int J Biometeorol 4:765–774CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cook ER (1985) A time series analysis approach to tree ring standardization. vol PhD. The University of Arizona, TucsonGoogle Scholar
  6. Cook E, Kairiukstis L (1990) Methods of dendrochronology. Kluwer Academic Press, NetherlandsCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Druckenbrod DL, Pederson N, Rentch J, Cook ER (2013) A comparison of times series approaches for dendroecological reconstructions of past canopy disturbance events. For Ecol Manag 302:23–33CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Düthorn E, Schneider L, Gãnther B, Glãser S, Esper J (2016) Ecological and climatological signals in tree-ring width and density chronologies along a latitudinal boreal transect. Scand J For Res 31:750–757CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Fang JY, Chung JD, Chiang YC, Chang CT, Chen CY, Hwang SY (2013) Divergent selection and local adaptation in disjunct populations of an endangered conifer, Keteleeria davidiana var. formosana (Pinaceae). Plos One 8:e70162CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  10. Fang K, Frank D, Zhao Y, Zhou F, Seppä H (2015) Moisture stress of a hydrological year on tree growth in the Tibetan Plateau and surroundings. Environ Res Lett 10:034010. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Fang K, Guo Z, Chen D, Linderholm HW, Li J, Zhou F, Guo G, Dong Z, Li Y (2018) Drought variation of western Chinese Loess Plateau since 1568 and its linkages with droughts in western North America. Clim Dyn. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Fritts HC (1976) Tree rings and climate. Academic Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  13. Fritts HC, Swetnam TW (1989) Dendroecology: a tool for evaluating variations in past and present forest environments. In: Begon M, Fitter AH, Ford ED, MacFadyen A (eds) Advances in ecological research, vol 19. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 111–188Google Scholar
  14. Fu L (1991) China plant red data book. Science Press, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  15. Graham MH (2003) Confronting multicollinearity in ecological multiple regression. Ecology 84:2809–2815CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hartmann H, Adams HD, Hammond WM, Hoch G, Landhäusser SM, Wiley E, Zaehle S (2018) Identifying differences in carbohydrate dynamics of seedlings and mature trees to improve carbon allocation in models for trees and forests. Environ Exp Bot 152:7–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hermes O, Pinophyta D (2011) Keteleeria. Bellum Publishing, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  18. Holman G, Del Tredici P, Havill N, Lee NS, Cronn R, Cushman K, Mathews S, Raubeson L, Campbell CS (2017) A new species and introgression in Eastern Asian Hemlocks (Pinaceae: Tsuga). Syst Bot 42:733–746CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Holmes RL (1983) Computer-assisted quality control in tree-ring dating and measurement. Tree Ring Bull 43:69–78Google Scholar
  20. IUCN (2015) The international union for conservation of nature red list of threatened species. Accessed 27 Jan 2011
  21. Li Y, Fang K, Cao C, Li D, Zhou F, Dong Z, Zhang Y, Gan Z (2016) A tree-ring chronology spanning 210 years in the coastal area of southeastern China and its relationship with climate change. Clim Res. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Li D, Fang K, Li Y, Chen D, Liu X, Dong Z, Zhou F, Guo G, Shi F, Xu C, Li Y (2017) Climate, intrinsic water-use efficiency and tree growth over the past 150 years in humid subtropical China. Plos One 12:e0172045CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  23. Liu H, Park Williams A, Allen CD, Guo D, Wu X, Anenkhonov OA, Liang E, Sandanov DV, Yin Y, Qi Z (2013) Rapid warming accelerates tree growth decline in semi-arid forests of Inner Asia. Glob Change Biol 19:2500–2510CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Lorimer CG (1980) Age structure and disturbance history of a southern Appalachian virgin forest. Ecology 61:1169–1184CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Morice CP, Kennedy JJ, Rayner NA, Jones PD (2012) Quantifying uncertainties in global and regional temperature change using an ensemble of observational estimates: the HadCRUT4 data set. J Geophys Res Atmos. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Nowacki GJ, Abrams MD (1997) Radial-growth averaging criteria for reconstructing disturbance histories from presettlement-origin oaks. Ecol Monogr 67:225–249Google Scholar
  27. Pimm S, Jenkins C, Abell R, Brooks T, Gittleman J, Joppa L, Raven P, Roberts C, Sexton J (2014) The biodiversity of species and their rates of extinction, distribution, and protection. Science. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Rubino DL, McCarthy B (2004) Comparative analysis of dendroecological methods used to assess disturbance events. Dendrochronologia 21:97–115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Stokes MA, Smiley TL (1968) An introduction to tree-ring dating. University of Chicago Press, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
  30. Storfer A (1999) Gene flow and endangered species translocations: a topic revisited. Biol Conserv 87:173–180CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Trotsiuk V, Pederson N, Druckenbrod DL, Orwig DA, Bishop DA, Barker-Plotkin A, Fraver S, Martin-Benito D (2018) Testing the efficacy of tree-ring methods for detecting past disturbances. For Ecol Manag 425:59–67CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Vellend M, Baeten L, Becker-Scarpitta A, Boucher-Lalonde V, McCune JL, Messier J, Myers-Smith IH, Sax DF (2017) Plant biodiversity change across scales during the Anthropocene. Annu Rev Plant Biol 68:563–586CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Vicente-Serrano SM, Beguería S, LópezMoreno JI (2010) A multiscalar drought index sensitive to global warming: the standardized precipitation evapotranspiration index. J Clim 23:1696–1718CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Wang C, Ma S, Lv J, Dang C (2012) Ecological and geographical distribution of Keteleeria and its systematic evolution in China. Guihaia 32:612–616Google Scholar
  35. Wieger W, Goedhart P, Frissel J (2014) Why some plant species are rare. Plos One 9:e102674CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Wigley TML, Briffa KR, Jones PD (1984) Average value of correlated time series, with applications in dendroclimatology and hydrometeorology. J Appl Meteorol Clim 23:201–234CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Wu Z, Peng H, Li D (2004) Flora in China. Science Press, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  38. Yang B, He M, Shishov V, Tychkov I, Vaganov E, Rossi S, Ljungqvist FC, Bräuning A, Grießinger J (2017) New perspective on spring vegetation phenology and global climate change based on Tibetan Plateau tree-ring data. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 114:6966–6971CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Humid Subtropical Eco-geographical Process (Ministry of Education), College of Geographical SciencesFujian Normal UniversityFuzhouChina
  2. 2.Regional Climate Group, Department of Earth SciencesUniversity of GothenburgGothenburgSweden
  3. 3.International Forestry Cooperation CenterState Forestry and Grassland Administration of ChinaBeijingChina
  4. 4.Forestry Fund Management HeadquartersState Forestry and Grassland Administration of ChinaBeijingChina
  5. 5.Department of OceanographyChonnam National UniversityGwangjuRepublic of Korea

Personalised recommendations