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Change in evapotranspiration partitioning after thinning in a Japanese cypress plantation

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Abstract

Key message

Thinning resulted in evapotranspiration decrease and caused the relative contributions of each component to evapotranspiration to become very close.

Abstract

To increase the understanding of forest management to control water cycles, we examined the effect of 50% strip thinning on evapotranspiration (ET) and its partitioning into canopy interception (E i), tree transpiration (E t), and forest floor evaporation (E f) in a Japanese cypress (Chamaecyparis obtusa Endl.) plantation. Intensive measurements were employed to monitor each component of ET during the pre- and post-thinning periods. The results showed the annual E t was the dominant component of ET followed by E i, whereas E f was the smallest component in both periods. Thinning has significant impact on the process of ET partitioning. In such that it decreased from 42.3 to 33.7% in E i/ET and from 45.0 to 34.9% in E t/ET, and increased from 12.7 to 31.4% in E f/ET on an annual scale. The relative contributions of each ET component to the whole ET became more or less the same after thinning. Additionally, the monthly E i/P g had relative stable values in both pre- and post-thinning periods, contributing significantly to the ET/P g during heavy rainfall conditions. After thinning, ET decreased by 21.4% from 629.3 to 494.8 mm during the growing season and by 20.4% from 979.8 to 780.1 mm at the annual scale, demonstrating that thinning results in an increase in water availability in the forested watershed. This study can improve the understanding of forest water budget in response to thinning and aid in development of appropriate forest management practices accordingly.

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Acknowledgements

This study was supported by the Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST) and the Core Research for Evolutional Science and Technology (CREST) projects, entitled ‘Development of innovative technologies for increasing in watershed runoff and improving river environment by the management practice of devastated forest plantation’, and was partially supported by Jiangsu Province Science Foundation (grant no. BK20140116). We express our sincere thanks to Drs. Teramage Tesfaye and Chandra Mouli Pavuluri for fruitful discussions. Thanks are also due to two anonymous reviewers for providing critical comments.

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Correspondence to Xinchao Sun or Xueyan Liu.

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The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Additional information

Communicated by L. Gratani.

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Sun, X., Onda, Y., Otsuki, K. et al. Change in evapotranspiration partitioning after thinning in a Japanese cypress plantation. Trees 31, 1411–1421 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00468-017-1555-1

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Keywords

  • Chamaecyparis obtusa
  • Forest management
  • Forest floor evaporation
  • Canopy interception
  • Tree transpiration