, Volume 24, Issue 5, pp 919–930 | Cite as

Transpiration of Pinus rotundata on a wooded peat bog in central Europe

  • Andrea KučerováEmail author
  • Jan Čermák
  • Nadezhda Nadezhdina
  • Jan Pokorný
Original Paper


Transpiration of a central European endemic tree species, Pinus rotundata Link, growing on a wooded peat bog in the Třeboň Basin, Czech Republic, was studied in 1999–2000. Transpiration was measured by sap flow techniques (heat field deformation method) on individual trees and scaled up to stand level. The radial patterns of sap flow density showed narrow peaks in the outer part of the xylem, sapwood accounted for 47–60% of the xylem radius and 72–84% of the xylem basal area. Adult trees tolerated well both short-term flooding during the growing season and drawdown of the water table to a depth of 60 cm below ground level. The maximum and mean daily transpiration rates were 3.0 and 1.8 mm per day, and were thus similar to published data for Scots pine. The seasonal total transpiration (25 April–20 October 2000, 180 days) amounted to 322 mm, or 62% of the potential evapotranspiration over this period. This canopy transpiration was compensated by 319 mm of precipitation. The difference between the accumulated precipitation and the accumulated transpiration (derived from seasonal sap flow measurements) closely mimicked the seasonal course of the water table.


Bog pine Heat field deformation method Radial profile Sap flow Water balance Water table 



V. Bauer and L. Rektoris provided help with the field component of this study. The authors are grateful to the anonymous reviewers for valuable comments on the manuscript and to O. Bragg and L.Adamec for translation supervision. This research forms part of the Ph.D. thesis of A.K. and was funded by the Wetland Training Centre and AV0Z60050516. The work was also partially supported by the Czech project MSM 6215648902.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrea Kučerová
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jan Čermák
    • 2
  • Nadezhda Nadezhdina
    • 2
  • Jan Pokorný
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Botany of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech RepublicTřeboňCzech Republic
  2. 2.Department of Forest Botany, Dendrology and GeobiocoenologyMendel University of Agriculture and ForestryBrnoCzech Republic
  3. 3.ENKI o.p.sTřeboňCzech Republic

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