, Volume 19, Issue 6, pp 680–694 | Cite as

Testing a method for reconstructing structural development of even-aged Abies sachalinensis stands

  • Akira OsawaEmail author
  • Nahoko Kurachi
  • Yojiro Matsuura
  • Mayuko Jomura
  • Yoichi Kanazawa
  • Masaru Sanada
Original Article


Accuracy of a stand reconstruction technique was examined by comparing the estimated values of the aboveground biomass, total stem volume, stem volume growth, and stand density of Abies sachalinensis stands to those observed between 1980 and 1998 in Hokkaido, northern Japan. Census data from two stands established in 1973, one fertilized and the other unfertilized, were used for the examination. The stand statistics in the past were estimated from the DBH and height of individual trees measured in 1998, data on the aboveground biomass and stem volume with bark for nine living trees of various sizes harvested in each plot in 1998 or in 1999, and data from the stem analysis of the same harvested trees. We showed that the reconstructed patterns of the frequency distribution in aboveground biomass and in stem volume were generally the same as those observed in both plots and in any year in the past (except for 1982 and/or 1980), and that the reproduced patterns of stand development over time were similar to those observed directly in the past. Accuracy in predicting stand statistics was generally in the order of ±10% relative error. We consider that the present method of stand reconstruction could be used to estimate aboveground biomass, total stem volume, and stem volume growth of a stand in the past. Interpretation of results for the early years (1982 and 1980) and for the stand density requires caution.


Abies sachalinensis Aboveground biomass Size distribution Stand reconstruction Stand structure 



We thank Reiko Otomo and Etsuko Sanada for contribution to the fertilization experiment at Hitsujigaoka Experimental Forest, and Michael Furmanovsky and two anonymous reviewers for providing constructive comments to the manuscript. Hiromi Abe and Hatena Osawa provided field assistance. This study was supported in part by Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research C1-12640623 and B1-13440232 from Japan Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Akira Osawa
    • 1
    Email author
  • Nahoko Kurachi
    • 2
  • Yojiro Matsuura
    • 3
  • Mayuko Jomura
    • 4
  • Yoichi Kanazawa
    • 4
  • Masaru Sanada
    • 5
  1. 1.Faculty of Intercultural CommunicationRyukoku UniversityOhtsuJapan
  2. 2.Hiraoka Forest InstituteOhtsuJapan
  3. 3.Forestry and Forest Products Research InstituteTsukubaJapan
  4. 4.Graduate School of Natural SciencesKobe UniversityKobeJapan
  5. 5.Hokkaido Research CenterForestry and Forest Products Research InstituteSapporoJapan

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