Advertisement

Trees

, Volume 17, Issue 4, pp 336–344 | Cite as

Male phenology of three species of Cupressus: correlation with airborne pollen

  • Pablo J. HidalgoEmail author
  • Carmen Galán
  • Eugenio Domínguez
Original Article
  • 183 Downloads

Abstract

A 3-year male phenological field study was performed on the represented species of the genus Cupressus in the city of Cordoba (Spain): Cupressus arizonica, C. macrocarpa and C. sempervirens. A new and complete description of the phenological stages of the male flower of Cupressus was obtained. Five phenological phases were described using internal and external bud/flower traits. In general, different pollination periods were recorded for the 3 years. C. arizonica flowered from 20 to 23 days before the others. C. macrocarpa and C. sempervirens flowered almost simultaneously, although the former appeared to flower slightly earlier. The total number of trees per square kilometre was estimated taking into account the total number of trees of each species in the city and surrounding area (5 km radius from the city centre). Data corresponding to total pollen production per tree were taken from a previous study in which the partial contribution of each species to atmospheric pollen was estimated. Considering all these parameters, a theoretical airborne pollen model was proposed. A correlation coefficient (R 2) of 0.46 was obtained when comparing this model with the average airborne pollen concentrations for the last 18 years. According to the proposed model, C. macrocarpa trees accounted for 78% of total airborne pollen, while C. sempervirens and C. arizonica accounted for only 18% and 4%, respectively. The final objective of this study was to provide additional biological information on these species responsible for winter pollinosis in the Mediterranean area. Forecasting pollen emission and dispersion has an important application in public health warnings.

Keywords

Male phenology Cupressus Airborne pollen Microsporogenesis 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to the European Community for financial support granted through Project ENV4-CT98-0755 and to the ZAMBON Group for financial support of the ASTHMA project.

References

  1. Barletta B, Tinghino R, Corinti S, Afferni C, Lacovacci P, Mari A, Pini C, Di Felice G (1998) Arizona cypress (Cupressus arizonica) pollen allergens. Identification of cross-reactive periodate-resistant and sensitive epitopes with monoclonal antibodies. Allergy 53:586–593PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Bortenschlager S (1990) Aspects of pollen morphology in the Cupressaceae. Grana 29:129–137Google Scholar
  3. Caramiello R, Gallesio MT, Siniscalco C, Leone F (1991) Cupressaceae in Piedmont (Italy): aerobiological data and clinical incidence in urban and extraurban environments. Grana 30:109–112Google Scholar
  4. Chamberlain C J (1965) Gymnosperms: structure and evolution. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Ill.Google Scholar
  5. D'Amato G, Liccardi G (1994) Pollen-related allergy in the European Mediterranean area. Clin Exp Allergy 24:210–219PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Domínguez E, Galán C, Villamandos F, Infante F (1991) Manejo y evaluación de los datos obtenidos en los muestreos aerobiológicos. Monogr Red Española Aerobiol (REA)/European Aerobiology Network (EAN) 1:1–18Google Scholar
  7. Ford SA, Baldo BA, Panzani R, Bass D (1991) Cypress (Cupressus sempervirens) pollen allergens: identification by protein blotting and improved detection of specific IgE antibodies. Int Arch Allergy Appl Immunol 95:178–183PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Galán C, Fuillerat MJ, Comtois P, Domínquez-Vilches E (1998a) Predictive study of Cupressaceae pollen season onset, severity, maximum value and maximum value date. Aerobiologia 14:195–199Google Scholar
  9. Galán C, Fuillerat MJ, Comtois P, Domínguez-Vilches E (1998b) Bioclimatic factors affecting daily Cupressaceae flowering in southwest Spain. Int J Biometeorol 41:95–100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Gregory PH (1973) Microbiology of the atmosphere. Hill, AylesburyGoogle Scholar
  11. Guerra F, Daza JC, Miguel R, Galán C, Domínguez E, Sánchez-Gijo P (1996) Sensitivity to Cupressus. Allergenic significance in Córdoba (Spain). J Invest Allergol Clin Immunol 6:117-120Google Scholar
  12. Hidalgo PJ, Galán C, Domínguez E (1999) Pollen production of the genus Cupressus. Grana 38:296–300CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hirst JM (1952) An automatic volumetric spore-trap. Ann Appl Biol 36:257–265Google Scholar
  14. Keynan N, Waisel Y, Shomer-Ilan A, Tamir R (1989) Forecasting pollen pollution: correlation with floral development. Ann Allergy 63:417–420PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Khanduri VP, Sharma CM (2000) Development of groups of male strobili, anthesis and microsporangium dehiscence in Pinus roxburghii. Grana 39:169–174CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Knox R B (1984) The pollen grain. In: Johri BM (ed) Embryology of angiosperms. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New YorkGoogle Scholar
  17. Kurmann M H (1994) Pollen morphology and ultrastructure in the Cupressaceae. Acta Bot Gallica 141:141–147Google Scholar
  18. Lieth H (1974) Phenology and seasonality modelling. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New YorkGoogle Scholar
  19. Mari A, Di Felice G, Afferni C, Barletta B, Tinghino R, Pini C (1997) Cypress allergy: an underestimated pollinosis. Allergy 52:355–356PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Rogers CA (1997) An aeropalynological study of metropolitan Toronto. Aerobiologia 13:243–257Google Scholar
  21. Rogers CA, Levetin E (1998) Evidence of long-distance transport of mountain cedar pollen into Tulsa, Oklahoma. Int J Biometeorol 42:65–72CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Ruiz de Clavijo E, Galán C, Infante F, Domínguez E (1988) Variations of airborne winter pollen in southern Spain. Allergol Immunol 16:175–179Google Scholar
  23. Schwartz MD (1999) Advancing to full bloom: planning phenological research for the twenty-first century. Int J Biometeorol 42:113–118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Spano D, Cesaracccio C, Duce P, Snyder RL (1999) Phenological stages of natural species and their use as climate indicators. Int J Biometeorol 42:124–133Google Scholar
  25. Van der Water PK, Levetin E (2001) Contribution of upwind pollen sources to the characterization of Juniperus ashei phenology. Grana 40:133–141CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Zerboni R, Arrigoni PV, Manfredi M, Rizzotto M, Paoletti L, Ricceri C (1991). Geobotanical and phenological monitoring of allergenic pollen grains in the Florence area. Grana 30:357–363Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pablo J. Hidalgo
    • 1
    Email author
  • Carmen Galán
    • 2
  • Eugenio Domínguez
    • 2
  1. 1.Departamento de Biología Ambiental y Salud PúblicaUniversidad de HuelvaHuelvaSpain
  2. 2.Departmento de Biología VegetalUniversidad de CórdobaCórdobaSpain

Personalised recommendations