Health-related quality of life functioning over a 2-year period in children with end-stage renal disease

Abstract

Background

Optimal care of the pediatric chronic kidney disease/end stage renal disease (CKD/ESRD) patient must now incorporate health-related quality of life (HRQOL) assessment and management.

Methods

This study reports the first data on longitudinal change in global (PedsQLTM4.0) and disease-specific (PedsQLTM3.0 ESRD Module) HRQOL pediatric ESRD patient and proxy ratings over four assessment periods spanning approximately a 2-year period. General linear mixed modeling was used to analyze associations between patient demographics, medical variables, and patient and proxy HRQOL scores.

Results

Self-reported and/or proxy data were available for at least two time-points for 53 patients (age 2–18 years; 60 % male), of whom 27 were receiving in-center hemodialysis.

Conclusions

Patient ratings on global health and physical activity, emotional, and social and disease-specific worry and communication domains were higher (i.e., better) than parent-proxy ratings, confirming the importance of obtaining both sources of information. Patients on dialysis longer, particularly females, reported worse emotional functioning; females also reported more physical appearance concerns. Parents rated older children and those on dialysis longer as functioning worse on multiple global and disease-specific (e.g., fatigue, relationship) domains. Parents also rated children as functioning increasingly worse in school over time. Further, patient ESRD history (acute onset vs. medically managed) impacted how parents viewed the burden of ESRD on their child over time.

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Acknowledgments

The authors acknowledge the members of the Texas Children’s Renal Quality of Life Program: Meredith Vela, Frida Wilson, Julie Guillen, Robin Davis, Ashley Fadul, and Lindsey Gregg who administer the PedsQLTM measures to our patients and who tirelessly coordinate efforts to provide much needed support to the children in our unit and their families. This work was supported, in part, by the Dan L. Duncan Institute for Clinical and Translational Research at Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX.

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Correspondence to Shari K. Neul.

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Neul, S.K., Minard, C.G., Currier, H. et al. Health-related quality of life functioning over a 2-year period in children with end-stage renal disease. Pediatr Nephrol 28, 285–293 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00467-012-2313-7

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Keywords

  • Children
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Health-related quality of life