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Psychiatric disorders in children with chronic renal failure

Abstract

Psychiatric assessment was done according to the DSM-IV TR criteria in 19 children with predialysis chronic renal failure (CRF) and 19 children with end-stage renal disease on regular hemodialysis. The prevalence rate of psychiatric disorders in all the studied patients was 52.6%. Adjustment disorders were the most common disorders (18.4%), followed by depression (10.3%) and neurocognitive disorders (7.7%). Anxiety and elimination disorders were reported in 5.1 and 2.6%, respectively. The disorders were more prevalent (P=0.05) in dialysis (68.4%) than in predialysis patients (36.8%). The presence of psychiatric disorders was not significantly correlated with sex, severity of anemia, duration of CRF or the efficiency or the duration of hemodialysis. In conclusion, psychiatric disorders were prevalent in our patients, especially in those on hemodialysis. Both adjustments with depression and depressive disorders were the most common psychiatric disorders. This array of disorders was more likely explained by the difficulties encountered in living with CRF rather than by demographic or physical factors.

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Correspondence to Ashraf Bakr.

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Bakr, A., Amr, M., Sarhan, A. et al. Psychiatric disorders in children with chronic renal failure. Pediatr Nephrol 22, 128–131 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00467-006-0298-9

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Keywords

  • Chronic renal failure
  • Children
  • Psychiatric disorders