Computational modeling of damage evolution in unidirectional fiber reinforced ceramic matrix composites

Abstract

A finite element model for investigating damage evolution in brittle matrix composites was developed. This modeling is based on an axisymmetric unit cell composed of a fiber and its surrounding matrix. The unit cell was discretized into linearly elastic elements for the fiber and the matrix and cohesive elements which allow cracking in the matrix, fiber-matrix interface, and fiber. The cohesive elements failed according to critical stress and critical energy release rate criteria (in shear and/or in tension). The tension and shear aspects of failure were uncoupled. In order to obtain converged solutions for the axisymmetric composite unit cell problem, inertia and viscous damping were added to the formulation, and the resulting dynamic problem was solved implicitly using the Newmark Method. Parametric studies of the interface toughness and strength and the matrix toughness were performed. Details of the propagation of matrix cracks and the initiation of debonds were also observed.

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Walter, M., Ravichandran, G. & Ortiz, M. Computational modeling of damage evolution in unidirectional fiber reinforced ceramic matrix composites. Computational Mechanics 20, 192–198 (1997). https://doi.org/10.1007/s004660050239

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