Laparoscopic decompression of abdominal compartment syndrome after blunt hepatic trauma
Abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) can occur in a variety of surgical conditions, particularly those with major life-threatening hemorrhage, massive volume resuscitation, prolonged operation times, and coagulopathy. In severely traumatized patients, the incidence of ACS is reported to be as high as 14% to 15% after damage control laparotomies. Although favorable results have been achieved with nonsurgical management of adult blunt hepatic trauma, the failure rates still range from 0% to 19%. Exploratory laparotomy is considered the intervention of choice in patients with blunt hepatic trauma who fail nonsurgical treatment. Expedient abdominal decompression currently is the treatment of choice after ACS. Oliguria, tachypnea, and tachycardia developed in two blunt hepatic trauma patients with grade IV and V injuries while they were receiving nonsurgical treatment. The intra-abdominal pressures measured more than 35 and 25 cm H2O, respectively. Two patients with grade II and [II ACS received laparoscopic examination instead of laparotomy. Their ACS was decompressed effectively via laparoscopy without any adverse effects. Therefore, we suggest that laparoscopy can be used as a safe alternative for the decompression of ACS.