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Comparison of blue laser imaging and narrow band imaging for the differentiation of diminutive colorectal polyps: A randomized controlled trial

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Abstract

Background

To compare the diagnostic efficacy of blue laser imaging (BLI)- bright and narrow band imaging (NBI) modes of image enhanced endoscopy (IEE) in differentiating neoplastic and non-neoplastic lesions of diminutive colorectal polyps.

Methods

We conducted a prospective randomized controlled trial from September 2015 to July 2016. The participants were randomly assigned (1:1) for colonoscopy with polyp classification under NBI or BLI-bright mode without magnification. Histopathologic diagnosis was used as the gold standard.

Results

Three hundred and twenty-four diminutive polyps in 164 patients were included for analysis (BLI: 162 polyps in 73 patients, NBI: 162 polyps in 91 patients). These polyps were located at colon proximal to sigmoid (61.1 and 58.0%) and rectosigmoid colon (38.9 and 42.0%) in the BLI and NBI groups, respectively. Most polyps (71.9%) were adenomatous with one malignant polyp (0.3%). BLI achieved 86.4% accuracy, 98.3% sensitivity, 55.6% specificity, 85.2% positive predictive value (PPV), and 92.6% negative predictive value (NPV), similar to NBI which exhibited 90.1% accuracy, 99.1% sensitivity, 67.4% specificity, 88.5% PPV, and 96.9% NPV in the diagnosis of adenomatous polyps. Based on the location of the polyp, both modes of IEE provided ≥ 95% NPV for diagnosis of adenomatous polyps at the rectosigmoid colon.

Conclusions

BLI-bright and NBI modes of IEE have similar accuracy in differentiation between neoplastic and non-neoplastic lesions of diminutive polyps. Both modes provided ≥ 90% NPV which allows for the adaptation of the American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy “diagnose-and-leave” recommended strategy for diminutive polyps at the rectosigmoid colon.

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Correspondence to Varayu Prachayakul.

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Arunchai Chang, Parnwad Munjit, Tassanee Sriprayoon, Ananya Pongpaibul, and Varayu Prachayakul declare that they have no conflicts of interest or financial ties to disclose.

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Chang, A., Munjit, P., Sriprayoon, T. et al. Comparison of blue laser imaging and narrow band imaging for the differentiation of diminutive colorectal polyps: A randomized controlled trial. Surg Endosc 36, 5743–5752 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00464-022-09079-z

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