Several measures were implemented among authors striving to tail off recurrence rates of thoracoscopic congenital diaphragmatic hernia repair. In the presented study, we extended the use of rib-anchoring stitches to reorient the diaphragmatic muscle leaflets in the types B&C diaphragmatic hernias, to achieve tension dispersal at primary thoracoscopic repair.
Patients and methods
Included in this study were early and late-onset lateral congenital diaphragmatic hernia patients, who had been operated upon in the years 2012 through 2018. A preliminary stitch was taken between posterior muscle edge and rib cage to reorient the diaphragmatic defect into a reversed C-shaped line. The lateral portion was closed by additional rib-anchoring stitches, while the medial one necessitated muscle to muscle stitches. Primary outcome being validated was the recurrence rate within a year post repair.
In the 7-year inclusion period, 36 congenital diaphragmatic hernia cases were managed using the described approach. The repair was accomplished thoracoscopically in all but two cases, who were excluded from the study. Mean operative time was 76 min. No pledgets or synthetic patches were applied. Mean length of hospital stay was 7.6 days. Early postoperative course was uneventful in all but four cases; two ventilatory barotrauma and two mortalities. After a mean follow-up period of 29 months, five recurrences were reported (16%). Ipsilateral chest wall deformity was noticed in one case 3 years post repair.
In the presented study, authors adopted thoracoscopic reorientation of diaphragmatic muscle leaflets in lateral congenital diaphragmatic hernia cases to achieve tension dispersal at primary repair. Short and mid-term results supported the efficacy and reproducibility of the described approach. However, long-term comparative studies seemed a necessity to validate this outcome.
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Mohamed M. Elbarbary, Ahmed E. Fares, Mahmoud M. Marei, and Hamed M. Seleim have no conflicts of interest or financial ties to disclose.
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This article was updated to correct the spelling of Mohamed M. Elbarbary’s last name and to correct Affiliations 1 and 2.
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Elbarbary, M.M., Fares, A.E., Marei, M.M. et al. Thoracoscopic repair of congenital diaphragmatic hernia: a new anatomical reconstructive concept for tension dispersal at primary closure. Surg Endosc 35, 3279–3284 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00464-020-07764-5