Per oral endoscopic tumor (POET) resection for treatment of upper gastrointestinal subepithelial tumors

Abstract

Background

Endoscopic submucosal tunneling has evolved to allow endoscopic resection of subepithelial tumors of gastrointestinal tract without full-thickness perforation. This study aimed to investigate safety and efficacy of submucosal tunnel resection for these tumors.

Method

Patients with subepithelial tumors (SET) located in esophagus, gastric cardia, lesser curvature, and antrum were recruited. The size of tumor was limited to < 40 mm. The procedures were performed under general anesthesia. A mucosal entrance was created 2 cm proximal to the SET after submucosal injection. Submucosal tunnel was then extended and the tumor was dissected and mobilized with intact overlying mucosa. After complete dissection, the tumors would be retrieved per orally and mucosal entrance closed by endoclips.

Results

From June 2012 to December 2016, 51 patients with subepithelial tumors received POET. 39 patients had SET in stomach, 11 located in esophagus, and 1 in duodenum. The mean operative time was 90.46 ± 46.49 min, while the mean size of the tumors was 20.71 ± 14.05 mm. The POET was converted to endoscopic full-thickness resection (EFTR) in three patients with gastric subepithelial tumors located at greater curvature. The overall complication rate was 4.0%, and there was no bleeding, mucosal dehiscence, or leakage. The time to resume diet was 1.7 days, while the average hospital stay was 3.2 ± 1.0 days. The mean follow-up period was 19 ± 16 months, and only 1 patient developed recurrence of leiomyoma.

Conclusion

Per oral endoscopic tumor resection is safe and effective treatment for esophageal and gastric SET located at cardia, lesser curvature, and antrum. Currently, POET for treatment of upper GI SET is limited by the size and location of the tumor.

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Correspondence to Philip Wai Yan Chiu.

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Philip Wai Yan Chiu, Hon Chi Yip, Anthony Yuen Bun Teoh, Vivien Wai Yin Wong, Shannon Melissa Chan, Simon Kin Hung Wong, and Enders Kwok Wai Ng have no conflicts of interest or financial ties to disclose.

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Chiu, P.W.Y., Yip, H.C., Teoh, A.Y.B. et al. Per oral endoscopic tumor (POET) resection for treatment of upper gastrointestinal subepithelial tumors. Surg Endosc 33, 1326–1333 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00464-018-06627-4

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Keywords

  • Subepithelial tumors
  • Upper gastrointestinal tract
  • Submucosal tunnel endoscopic resection
  • Per oral endoscopic tumor resection
  • Therapeutic endoscopy