Laparoscopic common bile duct exploration
The following clinical spotlight review regarding the laparoscopic treatment of common bile duct stones is intended for physicians who manage and treat gallbladder disease and choledocholithiasis. It is meant to critically review these techniques and the available evidence regarding their safety and efficacy. Provided recommendations for clinical practice are linked to the level of available evidence, and where evidence is lacking expert opinion is offered.
Guidelines for clinical practice and spotlight reviews are intended to indicate preferable approaches to medical problems as established by experts in the field. These recommendations will be based on existing data or a consensus of expert opinion when little or no data are available. Spotlight reviews are applicable to all physicians who address the clinical problem(s) without regard to specialty training or interests and are intended to convey recommendations based on a focused topic; within the defined scope...
Compliance with ethical standards
Stephen Haggerty reports teaching honorarium from RL Gore. Robert Fanelli reports Royalties from Product Development, Cook, Inc. William Richardson, Byron Santos, L. Michael Brunt, Dimitrios Stefanidis and Marc Zerey have no conflicts of interest or financial ties to disclose.
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