Single port component separation: endoscopic external oblique release for complex ventral hernia repair
Component separation (CS) is a technique which mobilizes flaps of innervated, vascularized tissue, enabling closure of large ventral hernia defects using autologous tissue. Disadvantages include extensive tissue dissection when creating these myofascial advancement flaps, with potential consequences of significant post-operative skin and wound complications. This study examines the benefit of a novel, ultra-minimally invasive single port anterior CS technique.
This was a prospective study of 16 external oblique (EO) releases performed in 9 patients and 4 releases performed in 3 fresh frozen cadavers. All patients presented with recurrent complex ventral hernias, and were administered preoperative Botulinum Toxin A to their lateral oblique muscles to facilitate defect closure. At the time of elective laparoscopic repair, patients underwent single port endoscopic EO release using a single 20-mm incision on each side of the abdomen. Measurements were taken using real-time ultrasound. Postoperatively, patients underwent serial examination and abdominal CT assessment.
Single port endoscopic EO release achieved a maximum of 50-mm myofascial advancement per side (measured at the umbilicus). No complications involving wound infection, hematoma, or laxity/bulge have been noted. All patients proceeded to laparoscopic or laparoscopic-open-laparoscopic intraperitoneal mesh repair of their hernia, with no hernia recurrences to date.
Single port endoscopic EO release holds potential as an adjunct in the repair of large ventral hernia defects. It is easy to perform, is safe and efficient, and entails minimal disruption of tissue planes and preserves abdominal wall perforating vessels. It requires only one port-sized incision on each side of the abdomen, thus minimizing potential for complications. Further detailed quantification of advancement gains and morbidity from this technique is warranted, both with and without prior administration of Botulinum Toxin A to facilitate closure.
KeywordsComponent separation Ventral hernia Endoscopic External oblique release Minimally invasive
Compliance with ethical standards
John Read declares conflict of interest related to the submitted work as he receives financial remuneration from Medicare as a radiologist. Kristen Elstner, Omar Rodriguez-Acevedo, Peter Cosman, Anita Jacombs, Alex Karatassas, Rodrigo Martins, Fernando Arduini, Nabeel Ibrahim, and Anthony Dardano have no conflicts of interest or financial ties to disclose.
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