Surgical Endoscopy

, Volume 31, Issue 10, pp 3767–3782 | Cite as

SAGES guidelines for the use of laparoscopy during pregnancy

  • Jonathan P. PearlEmail author
  • Raymond R. Price
  • Allison E. Tonkin
  • William S. Richardson
  • Dimitrios Stefanidis
SAGES Guidelines


Surgical interventions during pregnancy should minimize fetal risk without compromising the safety of the mother. Favorable outcomes for the pregnant woman and fetus depend on accurate and timely diagnosis with prompt intervention. Surgeons must be aware of data regarding differences in techniques used for pregnant patients to optimize outcomes. This document provides specific recommendations and guidelines to assist physicians in the diagnostic workup and treatment of surgical conditions in pregnant patients, focusing on the use of laparoscopy.


Guidelines for clinical practice are intended to indicate preferable approaches to medical problems as established by experts in the field. These recommendations will be based on existing data or a consensus of expert opinion, when little or no data are available.

Guidelines are applicable to all physicians who address the clinical problem(s) without regard to specialty training or interests, and are intended to indicate the...


Compliance with ethical standards


Dr. Stefanidis reports personal fees from WL Gore and Davol. Dr. Pearl, Dr. Price, Dr. Tonkin, and Dr. Richardson have no conflict of interest or nothing to disclose.


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Copyright information

© Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons (SAGES) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jonathan P. Pearl
    • 1
    Email author
  • Raymond R. Price
    • 2
  • Allison E. Tonkin
    • 3
  • William S. Richardson
    • 4
  • Dimitrios Stefanidis
    • 5
  1. 1.University of Maryland School of MedicineBaltimoreUSA
  2. 2.University of UtahSalt Lake CityUSA
  3. 3.Intermountain Medical CenterMurrayUSA
  4. 4.Ochsner Medical CenterJeffersonUSA
  5. 5.Indiana University School of MedicineIndianapolisUSA

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