Surgical Endoscopy

, Volume 31, Issue 10, pp 3939–3945 | Cite as

Learning curve takes 65 repetitions of totally extraperitoneal laparoscopy on inguinal hernias for reduction of operating time and complications

  • Fábio Yuji SuguitaEmail author
  • Felipe Futema Essu
  • Lucas Torres Oliveira
  • Leandro Ryuchi Iuamoto
  • Juliana Mika Kato
  • Matheus Beloni Torsani
  • André Silva Franco
  • Alberto Meyer
  • Wellington Andraus



Inguinal hernia repair is one of the most frequently conducted surgical procedures worldwide. Totally extraperitoneal (TEP) hernioplasty has shown many advantages over traditional open surgery. However, because of increased surgical complexity, it requires more practice to achieve optimal results.


The aim of this study is to evaluate the learning curve for TEP hernioplasty, analysing parameters related to the mean operating time. The secondary objective is to assess the complications and early discharge rates related to this procedure.


A prospective study of 238 consecutive patients undergoing TEP hernioplasty from the same practitioner between May 2009 and May 2014, in a specialised centre for abdominal hernias in Sao Paulo, Brazil, was conducted. All data were obtained through medical records.


The study included 137 patients undergoing a total of 157 TEP hernia repairs. Bilaterality and complications can influence the operating time and so were excluded. Patients with unilateral surgery and without complications were included. Patients were chronologically divided into four groups. Groups 1–3 were composed of 35 patients and group 4 of 32. There were no significant variations in clinical characteristics between the groups. The plateau of the learning curve was reached on the 65 th repetition of the surgery, with a mean operating time of 28 min (p < 0,05). Complications were only observed in the first group of 35 patients. 97% of patients were discharged early, defined as patient leaving hospital less than 12 h after surgery.


After an initial reduction, the mean operating time stabilised after 65 cases. A reduction in the rate of complications was observed after 35 cases, and a rate of 97% of early discharge was achieved.


Inguinal hernia Learning curve Laparoscopy Hernia repair 



The authors are thankful to João Italo Dias França for assistance with statistical analysis and to Justin Axel-Berg for the English corrections.

Compliance with ethical standards


Fábio Yuji Suguita, Felipe Futema Essu, Lucas Torres Oliveira, Leandro Ryuchi Iuamoto, Juliana Mika Kato, Fernanda Cotrim, Matheus Beloni Torsani, André Silva Franco, Alberto Meyer and Wellington Andraus have no conflicts of interest or financial ties to disclose.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fábio Yuji Suguita
    • 1
    Email author
  • Felipe Futema Essu
    • 1
  • Lucas Torres Oliveira
    • 1
  • Leandro Ryuchi Iuamoto
    • 1
  • Juliana Mika Kato
    • 1
  • Matheus Beloni Torsani
    • 1
  • André Silva Franco
    • 1
  • Alberto Meyer
    • 2
    • 3
  • Wellington Andraus
    • 2
  1. 1.University of São Paulo Medical SchoolSão PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Department of GastroenterologyUniversity of São Paulo Medical SchoolSão PauloBrazil
  3. 3.Abdominal Wall Repair CenterSamaritano HospitalSão PauloBrazil

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