A magnetic levitation robotic camera for minimally invasive surgery: Useful for NOTES?



Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) is rising in popularity generating a revolution in operative medicine during the past few decades. Although laparoscopic techniques have not significantly changed in the last 10 years, several advances have been made in visualization devices and instrumentation.


Our team, composed of surgeons and biomedical engineers, developed a magnetic levitation camera (MLC) with a magnetic internal mechanism dedicated to MIS. Three animal trials were performed. Porcine acute model has been chosen after animal ethical committee approval, and laparoscopic cholecystectomy, nephrectomy and hernioplastic repair have been performed.


MLC permits to complete efficiently several two-port laparoscopy surgeries reducing patients’ invasiveness and at the same time saving surgeon’s dexterity.


We strongly believe that insertable and softly tethered devices like MLS camera will be an integral part of future surgical systems, thus improving procedures efficiency, minimizing invasiveness and enhancing surgeon dexterity and versatility of visions angles.

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Corresponding author

Correspondence to Livia Cenci.

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Drs. Nicola Di Lorenzo, Livia Cenci, Massimiliano Simi, Claudio Arcudi, Valeria Tognoni, Achille Lucio Gaspari and Pietro Valdastri have no conflicts of interest or financial ties to disclose.

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In the era of laparoscopy, magnetic levitation camera permits to perform efficiently several two-port laparoscopy surgeries reducing patient’s invasiveness.

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Di Lorenzo, N., Cenci, L., Simi, M. et al. A magnetic levitation robotic camera for minimally invasive surgery: Useful for NOTES?. Surg Endosc 31, 2529–2533 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00464-016-5255-5

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  • Robotic surgery
  • Magnetic levitation camera
  • Minimally invasive surgery
  • Single-access surgery
  • Magnetic internal mechanism